Armada Pamphlets Commissioned by Burghley

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Richard Leigh, The Copy of a Letter sent out of England to Don Bernardino de Mendoza, Ambassador in France for the King of Spain, declaring the State of England (1588: STC 15412).

Sigs. D1-1v

Beside these foresaid Arguments to disproue the opinion of discontement of the people, which heretofore hath bene thought a great furtherance to this honorable action, I will also remember you some other more notable Actions, to proue both contentacion, and readines, in all the Nobilitie of the Realm at this time, that were not tyed to abide in their countries by reason of their offices, as Lieutenantes and Gouernours there for Martiall seruices. For assoone as it was heard that the Queene was come nere London, and that the Armies were in gathering to come out of the countries, for defence of all Inuasions, and reportes brought from the sea coasts of the apparance of the Spanish Nauie: all the Noble men in the Realme, from East and West, from North and South ...|... came to the Queene, bringing with the{m} according to their degrees, and to the vttermost of their powers, goodly Bands of Horsemen, both Launces, light horsemen, and such other as are termed Carabins or Argeletiers, lodging their Bandes round about London, and maintaining them in paie at their owne charges all the time, vntill the Nauie of Spaine was certeinly knowen to be passed beyond Scotland.

Sigs. D3-3v: Margin: Earle of Northumberland. Earle of Cumberland.

I omit here to speake of the Bands of horsemen, belonging to the Earles of Northumberland and Cumberland, which though they were ready to haue bene shewed at the same time; yet ye Earles hearing of the Spanish Armie approaching, went voluntarily to the Sea side in all hast, and came to the Queenes Nauie before the fight afore Callice. Where they being in seuerall ships of the Queenes, did with their owne persons valiant seruices against the kings Armada, And to shew the great readines in a generalitie of sundrie others at the same time, to aduenture their liues in the said seruice, there went to the Seas at the same time diures Gentlemen of good reputation, who voluntarily without any charge, & with=|out knowledge of the Queen, put themselues into the Queens Nauie in sundry ships, wherein they the fight afore Callice: of which number being very great, I remember that the names of some of them were these: Master Henry Brooke sonne and heire to the Lord Cobham, Sir Thomas Cecil sonne and heir to the Lord Treasurer, Sir William Hatton heire to the Lord Chancellor, Sir Horatio Pallauicino a knight of Geneua [=Genoa], Master Robert Carie sonne to the Lord Hundson, Sir Charles Blunt, brother to ye Lord Mountioy. But much speech is of two Gentlemen of ye Court that went to the Nauy at the time, whose names are Thomas Gerard and William Heruie, to me not knowen, but now here about London spoken of with great fame. These two aduentured out of ship boate, to scale the great Galliasse wherein Moncada was, and entred the same only with their Rapiers: a matter commonile spoken, that neuer the like was hazarded afore, considering the height of the Galliasse compared to a ship boate.
And yet to make it more manifest, how earnest all sorts of Noblemen and Gentlemen, were to aduenture their liues in this seruice, it is reported, that the Earle of Oxford, who is one of the most auncient Earles of this land, went also to the Sea, to serue in the Queenes Armie. There went also for the same purpose, a second sonne of the Lord Treasurer called as I can reme{m}ber, Robert Cecil: there went also about that time to the Seas, the Lord Dudley an auncient Baron of the Realm, and Sir Walter Ralegh a Gentleman of the Queenes Priuy Chamber, and in his company a great number of young Gentlemen, amongst whom I remember the names of the heire of Sir Thomas Cecil, called William Cecil, of Edward Darcy, Arthure Gorge, and such others: with the rehearsall of whom I doe not comfort my selfe, but only to shew you, how farre we haue bene deceiued, to thinke that wee should haue had a partie here for vs, when as you see both by lande and by Sea, all sorts of men were so readie of their owne charges, without either commanndement, or entertainement, to aduenture their liues in defence of the Queene and the Realme.
And for the Earle of Huntingtons forces, being Lieutenant General ...
Master Henry Brooke.
Sir Tho. Cecil.
Sir Will. Hatton.
Sir Horatio Palauicino.
Sir Roert Carie.
Sir Charles Blunt.
M. Thomas Gerard.
M. Wil. Heruy

Earle of Oxford.

M. Robert Cecil.
L. Dudley.
Sir Walter Ralegh.

M. William Cecil.
M. Edward Darcy.
M. Arthure Gorge.

Earle of Huntington.

Sig. D4:

... And so remaineth to be spoken of, the Earle of Arundell, who is in the Tower for attempting to haue fled out of the Realme by prouocacion of him, that now is Cardinall Allen: who, howsoeuer he may be affected to the Catholique Religio{n}, yet I heare most certeinly that he offreth his life in defence of the Queene against all the world.

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