Offices and Rights claimed by Oxford in Waltham Forest, Essex

PRO SP14/2, f. 160

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Endorsed: "The state of ye Erl of Oxfords place".

A note of such offices and rights which the Earle of Oxford claymeth as inherit{a}unce to him and his heires within the fforrest of Waltham within the County of Essex

ffirst hee claymeth himself to be Garden [=Warden, Guardian] and Steward of the same fforrest to him and his heires

By vertue of w{hi}ch offices hee claimeth to haue the appoyntm{en}t

Of the Lyveten{a}unt of the fforrest

Of the Rainger or rydeing fforrester

Of the three foote fforresters which were auncyently all the Keepers within the fforrest. But in the tyme of Kinge H. 8 the Kinges pleasure was to haue the fforrest devyded into Tenn walkes and a severall keeper in every walke, the placeing of which keepers nowe p{er}teyneth to the Earle as the Auncyent offices did

The Earle as belonging to the said offices is also to have the keeping of the Kinges House at Havering and the parke there and to haue the brouse wood there cutt and the herbage of the same Parke, what shalbe aboue the feeding of the King{es} deare.

Hee is to have all wayfes and strayes within the fforrest

Hee is to haue the amerciament{es} in all the Swanymoate Court{es}, and woodcourt{es} kept within the fforrest, for all offences done within the fforrest, saveing only for hunting, and cutting downe great oakes, and hee is to haue the appointing of the Steward{es} for keeping the same Courtes.

The Earle is to haue the deere falled wood or brouse wood Cutt within the fforrest

Vppon every sale of [Coue{r}t] \\covert// or hedgerowes within the fforrest the Earle is to have one penny out of every shilling paid for the same.

Vppon every sale of great Trees within the fforrest the Earle is to choose the second best oke and to haue one Bowe and broad arrowe, and one penny out of every shilling paid for the same great wood.

In respect of which dutyes and proffitt{es} wee doe not yett finde that the Earles of Oxford had ever any ffee in money from the King for exercising the said offices

That theis thinges doe of right belonge to the saie Earle is proved [by]./

By a suite in a Quo warranto brought against Iohn Earle of Oxford in the 4th yeare of King Edw{ard} 4th wherein the Earle by plea claymed theis thing{es} abouenamed and made his tytle therto by discent as heire to Thomas de Clare. Yssue was taken vppon them for the King, and vpon Tryall a verdict passed for the Earle, and therevpon Iudgment was given that the Earle should hold these Offices and proffitt{es} aboue claymed to him and his heires. And this is the highest suite and tryall in lawe for such matters of libertyes/

Also King H{enry} 6 in the 30th yeare of his raigne by Letters Pattent{es} vnder the great Seale restored Iohn Earle of Oxford to the keeping of the house and Parke of Hauering acknowledging therein that the same (tyme out of mynde) did belonge to the Office of keeping the fforrest of Waltham

In the 24th yeare of H{enry} 7 another Quo warranto was brought against Iohn then Earle of Oxford. Who by plea made his clayme as before and wee finde noe further proceedings thervppon./

In the 5th yeare of H{enry} 8 after the death of Iohn Earle of Oxford It was found by office returned and nowe of Record in the Chauncery, that hee was seized of these Offices of Garden and Steward of the fforrest and by force of them was to have the proffitt{es} aforesaid, and that hee dyed seized thereof.

The Earle can shewe also graunt{es} made by his Auncestors in the tyme of King Edw{ard} the 4th Hen{ry} the 7th and H{enry} 8 of the Lyveten{a}untshipp of the fforrest and deputac{i}ons to keepe the house and Parke of Havering./

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