Sir John Peyton's letter and report re events of March 1603

PRO SP14/4[/14, 14/i], ff. 27 (letter), 28-29 (report)).

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CSPD, 1603-10, p. 45

Letter endorsed: "10 Octob. 1603; S{i}r Iohn Payton to my Lo{rd} w{i}th a relation of certaine speeches passed betwixt my L{ord} of Lyncolne and his sonne"; Report endorsed: Sir Iohn Peytons relation of such speaches as passed between him and the Erle of Lyncolne some feaw dayes before her ma{ies}t{ies} death.


Right honorable my very good ^\\lorde// y{ou}r letters of ye 4th of this instant I[.] haue receyued, In the w{hi}ch there is contayned, y{ou}r noble nature, and honorable care, to contynewe his ma{ies}ties gracious good opinion towards me, By the wyche you haue extended my former bands, of affectyon, loue, and seruyse beyonde the bownds of lymytatyon; what therfore I shall want, in externall means or powre, I wyll supply w{i}th my prayres to god that he maye multyply, all honors, and blessings, vppon you and your posterytye / Tocheing ye Erle of lyncolnes his imputatyons layed vppon me, his fassion is, to condempe the worlde, if therby he myght excuse him selfe /

I haue therfore sent y{ou}r lord{shi}ppe hereinclosed, a Trewe relatyon of all his discowrses, w{i}th there oryginall motyues & cyrcumstances, depending vppon them, haueing w{i}th the first wynde dispached this bearer mr fowles w{i}th them, desiring not to lyue, one mynute longer, then I maye reste assured of my deare soueraygne his fauore, whome ye lord presearue w{i}th all his Riall progeny in happines and Triumphe, ouer the iniquities of these malytious tymes, Thus humbly recommending my selfe and fortuns to the supporte of y{ou}r honorable fauors, I humbly take my leaue Iarsey [=Jersey] this 10th of October 1603

Y{ou}r lord{shi}pps to doe you all seruyse

(signed) Iohn Peyton

To the Right honorable ye lorde Cycell princypall Secretory to his ma{ies}tie and one of the lords of his hyghnes moste honorable pryuye Councell at the Cowrte

Peyton's Report

A trewe relatyon of suche speeches as passed betwen my lord of lyncolne and me some feawe dayes before her ma{ies}ties decesse and w{i}thin feawe dayes after

The erle of lyncoln abowte some syxe dayes before hir ma{ies}tyes death (as I reme{m}b{e}r[)] cvming to visit me at the Towre discowrsed of her Ma{ies}tyes weakenes concluding ther was no hoope of hir recouerye The w{hi}ch I well vnderstood from an Immyne{n}t parson{n}e in the state vnto whom I dayly sent my sonne to courte for that purpose This occasion thus offered, and my former vnderstanding (from some of his Ma{ies}tyes minysters) of ye Earle of lincolnes good affectyon to owr nowe soveraynge, moued me in generall [...] to sownd his resolution in ye poyntes of succession, carrying me [=my] selfe in Couert [in] Termes / for that I was not Ignorant of ye nature of ye questyon [another] of the disposytion of my lord of lyncolne, nether of eny other p{er}sone w{i}th whome I had conferrence vppon that subiect In the end he concluded protested and vowed that next her ma{ies}tye he would mayntayne and defend the Iuste Right of owr graceous soueraynge That [nowe] (by gods mercyfull prouydence for the vnyuersall good of the britone kingdome) doth nowe Raynge ouer vs This his reasolution I aproued & fortyfied by as mannye arguments bothe owte of lawes deuyne, the lawes of natyons, publicke vtylytye & priuate securyte (w{hi}ch I knowe he did somewhat respect) as I cowlde I further p{er}swaded hym that to wyshe [we] and proteste well, was not syffytyent vnlesse he did cooperate as occatyon showld requier / adding that he was a great noble man, & therfore it was expected that he in so Iuste & noble a cawse, showlde prepare and furnishe hym selfe nobly, aduyseing hym (that when god showlde determyne of her ma{ies}tyes Tyme) to addresse hym selfe w{i}th hys means & attendants vnto some suche place as myght be of moste importance for his ma{ies}tyes seruyse herevppn he determyned to send his mony plate and Iuells vnto me into ye Towre & to come thether hym selfe, w{i}th his seruants and attendants, w{hi}ch afterward he p{er}formed, & this was all that at that tyme passed in conferrence betwen vs / saue that, at his p{ar}ting, I aduysed hym to obsearue the disposytions and affetyons, of those of his rancke, and of suche others as he showlde conferre or discowrse w{i}thall

Abowte iiijor dayes after as I reme{m}ber (for at that tyme all the wytts and facultys I had were bothe night and daye kepte wakeing, and so labored, as I myghte, bothe ^\\forgett// the tyme and also some materiall cyrcumstances) my lorde of lyncolne came to me agayne, and as I reme{m}b{e}r lodged in the Towre that night) being as I take it Twoe dayes before her ma{ies}ties decesse / he then towlde me yt was tyme to looke abowte vs for he had discoured an opposytion ^\\agaynst his ma{ies}tyes Tytle, and that ther was a great nobleman had openned hym ^\\selfe// vppon that poynt, and had debts w{i}th hym to Ioyne as a p{ar}tye in the actyon, not nameing vnto me the p{er}sone or his [pu] purpoose / owte of this his generall reporte, for that I cowlde make no certayne Iudgeme{n}t ether of the danger it selfe, or of means to appoose and preue{n}t it / I replyed vnto my lords relation in this sorte / That If the great p{er}sonne w{i}th whome he had this conference were one imminent [=eminent] | In Awthorytye in ye state, and potent in afyance frends and means, no tyme myght be omitted in Interpoosing agaynste his purpoose, althowygh w{i}th some danger, in regarde of the presente tyme, and therfore disired his lord{shi}ppe to conceyve what was to be done in that case / praying him to p{ar}tculerryse [=particularize] the cawse and p{er}sonne in more open Tearmes, wher vppon his lo{rdshi}ppe towlde me as followeth

That he had byn inuyted (the daye before as I rememb{e}r) by a great noble man [=Oxford] to hacney, wher he was extraordinaryly fested [=feasted], at the w{hi}ch he muche maruayled, for that there was no great correspondence betwen them, this noble man haueing p{re}cedence of hym in rancke / where by he towlde me I myght knowe hym, there being onely but one of that qualytye dwellyng there / This noble man and he, being (after diner) retyred aparte fro{m} all companye, began (as the Erle of lyncolne sayed) to discowrse w{i}th hym of ye impossibylytie of the Queens [hir] lyfe and that the nobylytie being peeres of the realme, were bownde to take care for the Common-good of ye state in ye cawse of succession / in the w{hi}ch hym selfe, meaning the Erle of lyncolne, owght to haue more regarde then others, becawse he had a Nephewe of the bludde Riiall, nameing my lorde hasteings whome he p{er}swaded the Erle of lyncolne to send for, and that ther showld be meanes vsed, to conuaye hym ouer into france, wher he showlde fynde frends that wolde make hym a p{ar}tye of the w{hi}ch ther was a presedent [=precedent] [of] in former tymes, he also as the Erle of lyncolne sayed inuayed [=inveighed] muche agaynste the natyon of ye scotts, and began to enter into questyon of his ma{ies}tyes Tytle, wher vppon my lorde of lyncolne (as he Towlde me) Brake of [=off] his discowrse, absolutely disalowing all that the great noble man had moued, in suche sorte as he desysted from any further speache in that matter.

My answere vnto this relatyon of my lord of lyncolne was thus I towlde hym, that I was sorry that he had so soddaynly shewed his dislykeinge of the great noble mans discowrse wyshing that he had contayned hym selfe, vntyll suche tyme as he might haue ^\\fully discouered// the fowndation of ye [p.] proiect, and all the p{ar}ties concurring in that actyon, w{hi}ch at that ^\\instant// he seemed muche to repent that he had so hastely cutt of [=off] the great noble ma{n} his discowrse

I also aduysed the erle of lyncolne to vse all his indeuowre [=endeavour] to vnderstand what he cowlde, and to be vygyllant, what p{er}sonns had conferrence or recowrse vnto that great noble man, and wherther [for whether] ther were eny messwages or meetyngs betwen the frenche imbassador and hym, whome I must confesse I suspected

At the firste aprehentyon of my lord of lyncolnes discovery, I was muche [moued] moued and Trobled, but when he had made me vnderstand what great p{er}sonne it was whome he ment, I knewe hym, to be so weake in boddy, in frends, in habylytie, and all other means, to rayse eny combuystyon in the state, as I neuer feered eny danger to proseed from so feeble a fowndation, but added a more vigillancye and [car] care vnto the saffetie, of the place vndere my Charge [=the Tower], w{i}th owte further conference of that cawse, I being also at that instant to geue order | for ye bringing in of wyne beare bread meate butter fyshe & other prouytyons for the victuallyng of suche extraordinary assistants, as were to be drawne into the Towre, for that it was certaynly informed bothe to my selfe, and to my lord of sowthampton, from whome I did not conceale in discowrse, that her ma{ies}tie cowlde not lyue 24 howres.

W{i}thin lesse then Two dayes after (as I rememb{e}r) It plesed God to call hir ma{ies}tie to his mercy, and owr deere soueraynge, was proclaymed and the proclamatyon shortely after printed and the former spetyfied great noblemans name [as] attested in the sayed proclamatyon, as Ioyneing in the same w{i}th ye rest of the lords, at the w{hi}ch ^\\tyme// my lorde of lyncolne being then w{i}th me at the Towre, seemed to wonder [as] and this (according to my remembraunce[)] ^\\was// 5 or 6 dayes after her ma{ies}tyes decesse, at w{hi}ch tyme my lord of lyncolne spake not eny more of that matter

The 3d tyme of my conferrence w{i}th my lord of lyncolne was after my lord of gynloosse [=Kinlosse] his ariualle, at w{hi}ch tyme he being w{i}th me in the Towre I towlde hym that nowe we myght discowrse w{i}th more freedome and leysure then when hir ma{ies}tie lyued, and then I asked hym these questyons

firste whether he had discouered eny other p{er}sons to be concenting vnto ye purpoose of sending his nephewe The lord hastings into france

secondly whether he [had] knewe of eny second p{er}sonne vnto whome the great Erle, had p{ar}tycypated his intentyon, vnto boothe these [a] he answered that he cowlde not vnderstand of eny p{er}sonne interessed in that matter but onely that Erle that had the first conference w{i}th hym, here vppon I ^\\advysed// hym, to make hym selfe knowne vnto my lord of gynloose and to acquaynt hym w{i}th suche aduertyseme{n}ts as [my] mighte eny waye concerne his ma{ies}tyes seruyse, and so leafte the discouery of his owne knowleage to hym selfe, conceyueing that if he showlde fayle in the p{er}formance therof, he wolde also deny his reporte made vnto me, Rather then to auowche it vppon the other Erle, whoe as hym ^\\selfe// dowbted, wolde absolutely disauowe the same, vppon this consyderation also, that ye noble man whome ^\\he// accused, was w{i}th the cowncell and the other lords, at the proclamacyon of his ma{ies}tye, no lykelyhoode of prouff [..] or other circumstances but onely my lord of lyncolnes reporte, and the danger in all apparences being passed / The w{hi}ch notwythstanding I acquaynted my lord of ginloose w{i}th thus muche, That all the great p{er}sonns, some fewe dayes before her ma{ies}tyes decesse, were not of one mynde, and - I hoope he wyll reme{m}b{e}r - I spake also to hym of my lorde hastings and that my lorde of lyncolne wolde relate ye p{ar}ticulers therof when he came vnto hym, and if my memory doe not muche deceyue me I [....] acquaynted S{i}r dauyde fowles and mr hudsonne \\also// w{i}th [a] this speache of my lord of lyncolnes, before there goeing to [the ....] his ma{ies}tye /

Tocheing ye Catholykes / my lord of lyncolne at that tyme when he acquaynted me w{i}th his discowrse at hacney, Towlde me that the papysts [had] where [=were] reasolued to vrge a Tolleratyon, but I doe reme{m}b{e}r that he named not | any p{ar}ticular man or [matter] matter / The generall suspityon and dangerous reports of the recusants being at that ^\\tyme// common and pvblycke

To this reporte of my lorde of lyncolns I answered That ther euell [=evil] affectyon was not to be dowbted, but the dissipation betwen the Iesuite[[s]] and prestes, had raysed suche a factyon, and disvnited their boddy so as thay cowlde not reasolue of eny hedde, to searue their Turne [vntyll] before his ma{ies}tys [...] tytle and ryght were setled, excepte her ma{ies}tys sycknes (w{hi}ch was vnlykely) showld prowe [=prove] langwyshyng [&] & contynew \\a// longe-tyme [.] so as the preestes faction myght solysyte [=solicit] their p{ar}tye in france w{hi}ch I moste feared, in regard of visynitie [=vicinity] and propinquitye / Tocheinge the discouery of the Catholykes their pretenses / I wrote vnto his ma{ies}tye, That Charnocke and diuers others had [by regard] accesse vnto Mr ashefylde, then prisoner in the Towre, whome I knewe to be faythfull to his ma{ies}tye, and therfore helde intellygence w{i}th hym for ye discouery of their practyses, the letter I sent ether by S{i}r dauyde fowles or by mr hudsonne in the w{hi}ch I humbly desired that his ma{ies}tie wolde [be] derect [=direct] his pleasure, for that Mr ashefylde w{i}th owte some [warra] warrant was lothe to entertayne eny further corresspondence w{i}th them / and this is all bothe in substance and cyrcumstance that I can remember tocheing the cawses before speatyfied [=specifed]

I haue euer loued his ma{ies}tyes parson [=person] and hated his enymyes

I haue feared no danger nor refused eny hassard to interpoos agaynste them

I wyll euer w{i}th a loyall and an Intyre harte searue his ma{ies}tye and his commands shalbe my lawe vntyll the brething owte of my laste spirites

(signed) Iohn Peyton

Earl of Lincoln's Report

PRO SP14/3[/77], f. 134

CSPD 1603-10, p. 40

Whylst her mai{es}t{ie} lyved: ye ff{rench} embassador made meanes by dyvers [=diverse (persons)] to hyre my house at Chelsey among w{hi}ch mr trudgion did also solycyte me to whom I did [in] ons [=once] in sum{m}e sort graunt my co{n}sent: but aft{er}wards vnd{er}standyng y{a}t her ma{ies}tie was in dang{e}r: I refused to lett my sayd house: in respect of my hope of ye kyngs mai{es}t{ies} lykehood to reigne over us her mai{es}t{ies} recovery beyng doutfull: in w{hi}ch tyme of her sycknes I had many dyscourses w{i}th mr Trudgion touchyng hys mai{es}t{ie} (who{m} god long p{re}serve) in all w{hi}ch for y{a}t I found hy{m} [doutfull] speake doutfully of hym & hys entry to [y] be o{u}re kyng; & seemyd to me rather to lea{n}ne to ye tytle of ye infanta; I dyd presse hym by the best meanes I coold to delyver hys reasons: w{hi}ch were thes: vydel{icet}: y{a}t he knew y{a}t there was a resolution ^\\more then iij yeres past// by ye court of roome [=Rome], the K{ing} of spayn: of france, & other prynces; to keepe hym fro{m} cu{m}myng into thys realme & though he dyd; y{a}t he shuld not reygne long aft{er} [..] yf he dyd not co{n}dyscend to thos artycles in relygion then resolved: & y{a}t they all woold [mayntayn] \\make// warre agaynst hym, & [mayn] may{n}tayn su{m}me other tytle: thes woords beyng delyvered of his knowledg: & those speeches of the Erles of Ox{ford}: that yf any were sent into france (how small soev{er} hys tytle were) showyng ye example of one of hys au{n}cestors; & lykewyse namyng ye lo{rd} H{astings}, made me feare: & thynk y{a}t thes men myght doo ye k{ing} good servyce in bewraying their knowledg; w{hi}ch I thought my dyeuty [=duty] to ympart yf I had any possible meanes to enforme hys ma{ies}tye;.but so it pleasyd god, y{a}t w{i}thyn few days after ^\\afore any advertysement culd be sent// I saw thys chefest poynt of thys resolution frustrate by gods goodnes in sendyng hys quyet entry; & yet nev{er}theles went to ye toure afore her mai{es}t{ies} death: told S{i}r J. peyton therof, who (as one y{a}t is hys mai{es}t{ies} faythfull [subiect] servant,) answered: I hope y{o}u will tell ye K{ing} herof: to whom I sayd: y{o}u may be sure of it yf ev{er} I may speake w{i}th hym: I told S{i}r hew harrys therof: & s{er}gent harrys | & others: besyde my lettres to hys mai{es}t{ie} sent by Sr H. bru{m}ley & [other] my sonne: & styll remaynyng in hope to ympart it my self to hys mai{es}t{ie} was loth to publysh it to many; in respect of the dang{er} & malyce w{hi}ch I knew shuld be borne agaynst me to my vndoyng: yf hys mai{es}t{ie} doe lyghtly regard my immynent danger; w{hi}ch I have great cawse hu{m}bly to crave at hys ma{ies}t{ies} hand:

thes beyng the poynts materiall [.....] & I redy to [answer] sett down any cyrcu{m}stances [____] w{hi}ch shall be demanded or thought fytt (yf any be hearaft{er} remembryd;) [..] videl{icet}: the [...] speeches co{n}c{er}nyng the meanes of sendyng an army [to] fro{m} flanders: the hope of a nu{m}b{er} of Catholyques in England & many such reasons; for y{a}t they were not sett down of hys knowledg but rather as reasons w{hi}ch way thys resolution shuld be p{er}formed w{hi}ch he had before declared: I doo [wrytt] touch in fewer woords then they were spoken not omyttyng the cawse w{hi}ch ynduced me to beleeve y{a}t hys yntellygens fro{m} beyond ye seas was great fro{m} all catholyques [...] (as they terme them:) fyrst for y{a}t hys eldest sonne is w{i}th the Archduke: hys yongest in a popysh schoole or vnyv{er}syte; fro{m} whens [=whence] he hath often intellygens; & ye co{n}tynuall resort to hym of many & ye pryncypall recusants: / thes thyngs y{a}t I have for my love & dyeuty [=duty] sett down to thyntent y{a}t hys ma{ies}t{ie} may know fro{m} them theyr further knowledg: I trust by yo{u}re wysdoms shall be so vsed; y{a}t thos y{a}t have a desyre to advau{n}ce hys servyce & safety shall nether be terryfyed w{i}th bytt{er} speeches; nor advantages sought to ye dyscoragyng of oothers to reveale whatsoev{er} ys lykly, to [..] dyscov{er} hys enemys.

the woords of ye ff{rench} Em{bassador} [so] in my garden co{n}c{er}nyng ye K{ing} beyng few, & of no importance are skant woorthy resityng: videlicet when I spake of ye strength by vnytyng ye kyngdome he [sayd] answeryd: in french more men: but lesse mony:

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