The Grammar-School at Colne

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The grammar-school at Colne, founded by the 15th earl of Oxford with funds provided by Christopher Swallow, is referenced in two documents, both transcribed below:

PRO C78/116, mbs 18-21 (Item 5) (referenced L&I, vol. 254)
PRO C93/4/9, Nos. 7-8

From these two documents the following chronology may be derived:

1519-20: Christopher Swallowe provides a grant to found a school at Earls Colne (and Coggishall)

22 August 1539: Death of Christopher Swallowe

12 March 1540: Death of John de Vere 15th Earl of Oxford

"a longe tyme before" the commission of 13 March 1592, Oxford appointed William Adams schoolmaster at the prompting of Simon Ive, Oxford's servant.

13 March 1592 Commission signed by Oxford to give power of appointment to 3 worthies

George Harlackenden appointed schoolmaster, but left within one year

c. March 1593 John Stockbridge appointed schoolmaster

9 December 1593: Oxford demises school lands to Simon Ive for 21 years as from 29 September 1593 (i.e. until 28 September 1614)

6 April 1601: Bartholomew Church, under Mr. Stockbridge, admitted to Caius College, Cambridge. Venn, i, 174.

12 November 1601: Court of Chancery's order to Bishop of London to mediate dispute between Stockbridge and Adams.

6 February 1602: Bishop's report to the Court, with articles signed by Stockbridge and Adams

2 July 1602: Articles ratified by Court of Chancery

4 March 1611: Inquisition at White Lion in Kelvedon (rents still being collected by Adams and Ive, who have also sold timber from woods and buildings)

12 March 1611: Decree issued by Commissioners

11 May 1619. Erasmus Russell, of Suffolk, son of George Russel, yeoman, under Mr. Rayne, admitted to Caius College, Cambridge. Venn, i, 245.

1735-49: Mr. Stringer serves as schoolmaster (of the same school?): Venn, ii, 49-65.

Further academic information:

Emden: Swalowe (Swalow), _______ . Quest., adm. 1497-8; Inc. A.; adm. HT 1502; M.A. University preacher 1506-7. Probably same as Chris. Swallowe, M.A., r. of Heydon, Cambs., in 1513; r. of S. Rumbald's, Colchester, adm. 13 July 1513; vac. by June 1516; r. of Little Tey, Essex, vac. Mar. 1519; r. of Margaretting, Essex, adm. 17 Mar. 1519; vac. 1533; v. of Messingham, Lincs., in 1535 and 1536. NB: Emden is incorrect: v. of Messing, Essex, 1535-6: see H8LPDF, viii, 240; x, 327.

Foster: Stockbridge, John, of Essex, pleb. Hart Hall, matric. 22 Jan. 1584-5, aged 16. B.A. 12 Feb. 1587-8; M.A. 7 July, 1592.

Venn: Adams, William. Matric. sizar from St. John's, Michs. 1564; B.A. 1567-8. Perhaps V. of Earls Colne, Essex, 1575-1609.

Venn: George Harlakenden: Matric. sizar from Magdalene, Easter, 1580. Probably s. of John, of Warehorn, Kent., Esq. B.A. 1583-4; M.A. 1587. R. of Great Yeldham, Essex, 1593.

DOCUMENTS

PRO C78/116, mbs 18-21 (Item 5) (solid block of text, here broken up into paragraphs):

LM: Decrete int{er} Stockbridge & Ive & al{ios}

Whereas matter of variaunce hathe longe tyme depended in this honorable Courte of Chauncerie betweene Iohn Stockebridge of Earles Colne in the County of Essex gent{leman} Complayn{au}nte And Symon Ive William Adams Thomas Preston Iosua Damion & Iohn ffrenche defend{an}t{es} The said Complayn{au}nt in & by his said bill of Complainte alledginge

That whereas one Christopher Swallowe Clerke sometyme vicar of the p{ar}ishe Churche of Messinge in the said County of Essex dyd by good and sufficiente conveyaunce and assuraunce in the lawe geve graunte enfeoffe confirme and assuer vnto the right honorable Iohn de Veer late Earle of Oxenford grandfather of the righte honorable Edward now Earle of Oxenford and others and their [mb 19] heires and assignes dyvers messuages land{es} tenement{es} and hereditament{es} withe thapperten{au}nc{es} sett lyinge and beinge in the severall p{ar}ishes and townes of Stilsted Ardlie Messinge Mark{es} tey and Coggishall in the said Countie of Essex to the vse and behoofe & for the intente that the said Earle & other his ffeoffees and their heires and assignes from thenceforthe forever shoulde supporte keepe maynetayne and sustayne an honeste godly and learned man to p{er}forme and execute the office of a Scholemaster at Earles Colne aforesaid whiche shoulde be apte able ffytt and meete to learne teache and instructe children in the gram{m}er there

And that the said Scholemaster should teache and instructe in gram{m}er there the nomber of thirtie children whose parent{es} shoulde be dwellinge and abydinge in the said townes and p{ar}ishes where the said land{es} tenem{en}t{es} and hereditament{es} are sett lyinge and beinge and others whose parent{es} shoulde be poore withoute any ffee or reward to be demaunded for the same

And that afterward{es} the other Cofeoffees dyed and the said Earle survyved them and in the p{re}mysses was sole seized in his demeane as of ffee to the vse and behoofe abovesaid

And that the said Earle beinge thereof soe seized afterward{es} dyed also thereof seized

And that soe the said land{es} tenem{en}t{es} and hereditament{es} discended and came to the righte honorable Iohn late Erle of Oxforde father of the nowe Earle whoe also dyed thereof seized

And that by vertue thereof all and singuler the said messuages land{es} tenem{en}t{es} and hereditament{es} aforesaid withe their app{ur}ten{au}nc{es} by righte of inheritaunce dyd dyscend and come to the said righte honorable Edwarde nowe Erle of Oxonforde

And that the said Earle beinge of the p{re}mysses soe seized afterward{es} of his owne meere moc{i}on for the love of vertue and good learninge desyringe that the said Schoole shoulde be kepte and mayntayned and that children shoulde be taughte and instructed in the same accordinge to the good and godly vse and true intente of the guifte and graunte aforesaid dyd by his Com{m}ission sealed withe his seale at armes and signed withe the hand writinge of the said Earle bearinge date the thirtenthe daye of Marche in the fower and thirtythe yeare of the Raigne of our Soveraigne lady the Queenes Maiestie that nowe ys [=13 March 1592] geve and graunte to William Lewyn doctor of lawe and Iudge of the Prerogatyve Courte of Canterburie and Roger Harlakenden of Earles Colne aforesaid and William Tyffyn of Colne Wake in the said County of Essex Esquier full power and aucthorytie by all good and lawfull meanes to increase and advaunce the yearly revenue of the said land and tenem{en}t{es} assigned for the mayntan{au}nce of the said Schoole and therewithe to p{ro}vide a sufficiente and able Schoolemaister suche as may from tyme to tyme supply that roome and to demyse and lett to ffarme the said land{es} or tenem{en}t{es} or everie of them for terme of one and twenty yeares or three lyves to suche parson or parsons as should offer vnto the said William Lewyn Roger Harlakenden and William Tyffyn sufficiente and Competente Rente for the same to be frome tyme to tyme imployed to the vse and for the maynten{au}nce of the said Schoole and of the Schoolemaster teachinge therein

And also to put in vse for the govermente of the said Schoole suche good rules and ordyn{au}nc{es} as to them shall seeme fytt and the same to enioyne to the Schoolemaster and Schollers therein for the tyme beinge and the wilfull breakers thereof to reforme accordinge to their discrec{i}ons and suche as to them shall seeme incorrigible to remove from thence and lastly to doe all and everie other acte and act{es} whiche for the good govermente of the said Schoole and for the increase of learninge therein to them shall seeme expediente in as full and ample manner as the said Earle mighte dooe by force of the truste in hym reposed

And that by vertue of the said Com{m}ission soe made to the said William Lewyn Roger Harlakenden and William Tyffyn as aforesaid they the said William Roger and William dyd then afterward{es} survey and viewe the said severall land{es} and tenem{en}t{es} assigned for the maynten{au}nce of the said Schoole as aforesaid beinge then in the occupac{i}on of sondrie severall p{er}sons vnder the yearely value of nyne pound{es} and some parte of the same dyd demyse and lett to fferme to severall p{er}sons by their severall Indentures of lease

That ys to say the said land{es} and tenem{en}t{es} lyinge in Slisted aforesaid to one Arthure Gilgate gent{leman} for terme of one and twenty yeares for the rente of Six pound{es} thirteene shilling{es} ffower pence yearely payable to the Schoolmaster aforesaid for the tyme being

And the said land{es} & tenement{es} lyinge in Ardly aforesaid to one Ionas Hill for the terme of one and twenty yeares Also for the Rente of six pound{es} thirteene shilling{es} fower pence yearely payable to the Schoolmaster aforesaid for the tyme beinge

And the said land{es} & tenem{en}t{es} lyinge and beinge in Mark{es} tey aforesaid to one Iohn Goodday for terme of one and twenty yeares for the yearely Rente of fower pound{es} yerely payable to the Schoolmaster there as aforesaid accordinge to the truste and aucthorytie geven them by the said Com{m}ission made vnto them by the said Erle

And that havinge soe demysed and letten to fferme the said land{es} and tenement{es} for suche sufficiente and competente encrease of the Rente thereof dyd lykewyse p{ro}vyde make and ordayne one George Harlakenden maister of Artes and fellowe of Magdalen Colledge in Cambridge Schoolemaster of the said Schoole whoe by force therof entred into the said Schoole and dyd execute the said office and dyd take the rent{es} and and proffytt{es} of the said land{es} accordingly

And that the said George Harlakenden within shorte tyme after was advaunced to an ecclesiasticall benefice and soe the said Schoole agayne became voyde

And that \\then// the said William Lewyn Roger Harlakenden and William Tyffyn knowinge the said Complayn{au}nte (havinge taken the degree of a master of Art{es} in the Vniversitie of Oxford) to be a meete honeste able and sufficiente man for the said Office, dyd make constitute and ordayne hym the said Complayn{au}nt Schoolemaster of the same Schoole to teache and instructe Children in gram{m}er there and to receave the Rent{es} and proffytt{es} of the said land{es} assigned for the maynten{au}nce of the said Schoole as aforesaid and that he by vertue thereof entred into the same and executed and performed the said office accordingly to whome in right and equytie the said severall Rent{es} and the revenewes of the said Messuages land{es} tenement{es} and heredytament{es} dyd app{er}tayne

And the said Complayn{au}nte in and by his said byll of Complaynte further alleging

That one William Adams Clerke vicar bothe of Earles Colne aforesaid and of White Colne also in the said Countye of Essex bothe whiche Cures hymselfe alone dyd serve havinge of a longe tyme before the said Com{m}ission made by the said Earle to the said William Lewyn Roger Harlakenden and William Tyffyn as aforesaid receaved the benefytt and proffytt{es} of the said land{es} and tenement{es} assigned for the maynten{au}nce of the said Schoole as aforesaid and done verie lyttle good or none at all in teachinge or instructinge any Children there for that in deede he was a man altogether vnmeete and insufficiente for the same fallinge into frendshippe and practise withe one Symon Ive then s{er}vante to the said Earle devysed howe they mighte by some synister practise obtayne and p{ro}cure to themselves some cullor to receave and take the p{ro}ffytt{es} and revenues of the said landes and tenem{en}t{es} soe assigned for the maynten{au}nce of the said Schoole as aforesaid to their pryvate gayne and com{m}odytie the said Symon Ive havinge gotten into his hand{es} and Custody by meanes of his service vnder the said Earle [mb 20] dyvers writinges and Evidenc{es} that concerne the said land{es} and tenement{es} w{hi}ch he then styll deteyned dyd moste vntruly informe the said Earle that the said Schoole was voyde and that the said William Lewyn Roger Harlakenden and William Tyffyn endevoured not to p{ro}vide and p{ro}cure a fytt and able Schoolemaster to p{er}forme and execute the said Office accordinge to the truste and confidence reposed in them and the aucthorytie geven them by the said Earle

And that therevpon the said Earle gevinge credytt vnto the said Ives false informac{i}on dyd graunte vnto the said William Adams a warrante to teache the said Schoole and that he by reason thereof dyd take vpon hym to teache there as a Schoolemaster beinge a man verie insufficiente for wante of learninge to instructe youthe and vnmeete in regarde of his olde age more geven to ease and idlenes then to any course of lyffe fytt to execute or p{er}forme any suche office

And that they the said Symon Ive and William Adams by cullor therof treated and compounded withe dyvers p{er}sons for the lettinge to fferme the said land{es} and tenement{es} and takinge of the same p{er}sons dyvers somes of money for ffynes which they converted to their or one of their owne pryvate benefytt and gayne dyd make leases of the said land{es} and tenement{es} for some smale rent{es} yearely payable to the said Symon Ive and William Adams or one of them

that ys to say they dyd demyse and lett to fferme the said land{es} and tenem{en}t{es} in Ardelye (being before demysed by the said William Lewyn Roger Harlakenden and William Tyffyn to the said Ionas Hyll as aforesaid) to one Thomas Preston for some smale Rente

And the said land{es} and tenement{es} in Mark{es} tey (being also before demysed by the said William Lewyn Roger Harlakenden and William Tyffyn to the said Iohn Goddard as aforesaid) to one Iosephe Damion for the yearely Rente of fforty shilling{es}

And the land{es} and tenement{es} in Messinge aforesaid beinge worthe to be letten yearely six pound{es} or above, to one Iohn ffrenche for the yearely Rente of ffower pound{es}

And that by vertue of the said leases soe to them made the said Thomas Preston and Iosephe Damyon dyd holde occupye and manure the said land{es} and tenement{es} and withehelde and deteyned the possession thereof from the said Ionas Hill and Iohn Gooday

And that lykewyse the said Symon Ive and William Adams or one of them had soulde and caused to be felled sondrie Groves of wood and tymber growinge vpon the same land{es} & tenement{es} and the money thereof comminge had receaved to their owne vse and benefytt and soe had wasted and spoyled the said land{es} and tenem{en}t{es} to the decay and overthrowe of the Schoole aforesaid as more att large (as the Complaynante alledged) the truethe and certentie of their greate abuses therein dyd appeare by an Inquisic{i}on thereof taken by the verdicte of a sufficiente Iurie by vertue of a Com{m}ission awarded out of this honorable Courte to dyvers men of verie good callinge to enquire thereof att the takinge of whiche said Inquisic{i}on the said William Adams beinge presente and fearinge vpon the Evidence geven in that behalfe that the badd and deceiptefull practises and vnconc{i}onable dealinges of hymselfe and the said Symon Ive woulde come to lighte and be made manyfeste dyd voluntaryly offer vnto the said Complayn{au}nte (as he the said Complayn{au}nte also alledged) that yf the said Complayn{au}nte woulde p{er}mytt and suffer hym the said William Adams to receave and take to his owne vse six pound{es} thirteene shillinges fower pence of one Arthure Gilgate gent{leman} ffarmor of the land in Slisted aforesaid for one whole yeares arrerages of the Rente of the said land that he the said William Adams would fully release and relinquishe vnto the said Compl{ainaun}te all his estate clayme and intereste into the said Schoole and the Rent{es} and proffytt{es} of the land{es} and tenement{es} belonginge to the same and quietly p{er}mytt and suffer the said Complayn{au}nte to exercise p{er}forme receave and enioye the same withoute any manner of lett trouble interrupc{i}on or molestac{i}on of the said William Adams or any other by his meanes or p{ro}curemente

And that therevnto the said Complayn{au}nte beinge as he alledged desirous of peace and quietnes dyd willingly consente and agree

And that synce that tyme the said Symon Ive or William Adams had receaved to their or one of their owne vse of some of the tennant{es} of the said land{es} and tenement{es} the Rent{es} due for the same

And that they also had delte and practised withe the other Tennant{es} and ffermors of the said land{es} and tenement{es} to deny and refuse to pay vnto the Complayn{au}nte the Rent{es} due for their said land{es} and tenement{es}

And that therevpon the foresaid Thomas Preston Iosephe Damyon and Iohn ffrenche dyd accordinglye deny paymente thereof ffor reformac{i}on of all whiche the aforesaid p{re}mysses

And fforasmuche as the said William Adams and Symon Ive had (as the said Complayn{au}nte also alledged) vnder suche colorable p{re}tended tytle by meanes of havinge suche writinges and Evidenc{es} in their hand{es} or custody as aforesaid made suche leases of the said land{es} and tenement{es} and com{m}itted suche waste and spoyle vpon the same as aforesaid

And that the said Thomas Preston Iosephe Damyon and Iohn ffrenche by cullor of suche leases made vnto them of some of the said land{es} and tenement{es} dyd occupie and possesse the said land{es} and tenement{es} and refused to pay vnto hym the said Complayn{au}nte the Rent{es} due for the same contrarie to all equytie and good Conscience

notwithstandinge the said Complayn{au}nte had and dyd paynefully & diligently execute and p{er}forme the said office of Schoolmaster for whiche the said [+Complayn{au}nte] as he also alledged had noe remedy by the stricte course of the com{m}on lawes of this Realme

he therefore prayed processe of Subpena oute of this honorable Courte againste the said defendant{es} to aunswere the p{re}mysses

Whiche beinge served vpon them they therevpon appeared and made their aunsweres accordingly as by the said byll and aunsweres remayninge of Recorde in this honorable Courte more att large appeareth

To whiche aunswers the Complayn{au}nte Replyed and the defend{an}t{es} therevnto reioyned

And therevpon the said parties playntyffe and defendant{es} descended and came to a full and p{er}fecte yssue

And a Com{m}ission wente forthe of this Courte for thexamynac{i}on of witnesses on bothe partes

Which beinge executed and retorned publicac{i}on was thereof graunted accordingly

[mb 21] And a day was appoynted for the hearinge of the said Cause

Att whiche day the said cause com{m}inge to be heard in the p{re}sence of the Counsell learned on bothe p{ar}t{es} for and touchinge the Schoolemastershippe of the Schoole and the land{es} the[+r]vnto belonginge in the byll menc{i}oned

It appeared vnto this Courte that the now Earle of Oxforde beinge ffeoffee in truste of the said land to the vse of the said Schoole dyd heretofore dyrecte a Com{m}ission vnto master Doctor Lewyn and others for the surveyinge of the said Schoole and land and placinge of the Schoolmaster there

And that by meanes thereof the pl{ainaunt} was by them placed as Schoolmaster there

And that the said Adams claymed the ^\\said// Schoolmastershippe by vertue of a graunte thereof synce made from the said Earle hymselfe

And because this Courte dyd then declare that the allowinge of Schoolemasters apperteyned by the lawe vnto the ordynarie whiche was the lorde Busshoppe of London

It was therefore ordered by assente of the said Counsell on bothe part{es} that the matter shoulde be referred vnto the said lord Bishoppe whoe was entreated by this Courte to heare the Cause and consider of the graunt{es} on bothe sydes and of the sufficiency of the p{er}sons and therevpon reporte to this Courte what he thoughte meete to be done in the cause that yt mighte be ordered by this Courte accordingly as by the said order bearinge date the twelfe day of November the three and fortythe yeare of her Maiesties Raigne [=12 November 1601] more planely appearethe

Accordinge to whiche order the said lorde Bisshoppe of London takinge paynes in the p{re}mysses dyd testefye into this Courte vnder his hand in writinge that vpon the sixte day of ffebruarie 1601 [=6 February 1602] he had deliberately hearde and examyned the said parties and matter in question and that he dyd fynde the said Iohn Stockbridge the plantyffe to be a verie sufficiente and meete man for the saide Schoolmastershippe

And that touchinge the matter in question the said lorde Busshoppe dyd further certifie as that by his mediac{i}on the same was compounded and agreed accordinge to the tenor of the articles to the same his Certificate annexed sealed and subscribed by the said Iohn Stockebridge and William Adams the effecte of whiche articles dothe hereafter followe in hec verba

Articles of agreemente made the sixte day of ffebruarie 1601 [=6 February 1602] betweene Iohn Stockebridge plantyffe and William Adams defendante

Imprimis yt ys agreed betweene all the said p{ar}ties that the said Maister Adams shall quietly have and enioy all suche rent{es} as he hathe already receaved of any of the tennant{es} or ffermors of any of the messuages land{es} or tenement{es} belonginge vnto the Schoole att Earles Colne in the County of Essex excepte the some of three and thirtie shilling{es} ffower pence whiche the said William Adams saithe ys yet behynde and vnpayd in the hand{es} of Thomas Preston p{ar}cell of the Rente for the land{es} in his occupac{i}on

And excepte the some of ffowre pound{es} whiche ys now behynd as the said Maister Adams saythe in the hand{es} of one Iohn Damyon for the Rente of the land{es} in his occupac{i}on

Item yt ys further agreed that in considerac{i}on hereof the said William Adams shall forthwithe cancell the Patente by force whereof he claymethe to have righte or intereste in the said Schoole or any of the Rent{es} land{es} or tenement{es} therevnto belonginge

And also that he shall never hereafter challendge nor clayme any thinge in the same Schoole nor land{es} but that all the tenaunt{es} and ffermors of any of the land{es} and tenem{en}t{es} aforesaid shall forever hereafter pay all their Rent{es} vnto the said Iohn Stockebridge soe longe as he shalbe Schoolmaster there

Item yt ys further agreed betweene bothe the said p{ar}ties that all the said some of three and thirtie shillinges and fower pence and the some of ffower pound{es} shalbe forthwithe payd and delyvered vnto the said Iohn Stockebridge or his assignes

Item yt ys further agreed that neither of the said p{ar}ties shall at any tyme hereafter vex sue or moleste thother for any matter or cause heretofore com{m}ytted or done contrarie to the true meaninge hereof but that all suyt{es} betweene them shall cease and determyne soe as the p{re}mysses be truly p{er}formed accordinge to the true meaninge of these p{re}sent{es}

In witnes whereof we have herevnto sett our hand{es} William Adams Iohn Stockbridge

As by the said Certificate and articles therevnto annexed as aforesaid remayninge withe the Register of this honorable Courte more at large may appeare

fforasmuche as the said lorde Busshoppe of London havinge heard the said Cause as aforesaid and hathe made Certificate into this Courte vnder his hande that he hathe compounded the same Cause betweene the said parties as by the said articles vnder the hand{es} and Seales of the said plantyffe and the said Adams annexed to the said Cirtificate as aforesaid may appeare

It ys therefore this second day of Iuly in the ffower and fortythe yeare of the Raigne of our Soveraigne lady Elizabethe by the grace of God Queene of England ffraunce and Ireland and defender of the ffaithe &c [=2 July 1602] By the Righte Honorable Sir Thomas Egerton Knighte Lorde Keep{er} of the greate seale of England and Courte of Chauncerie aforesaid Ordered and decreed that the said Certificate and articles and the matters therein conteyned be ratyfyed and confirmed by the aucthorytie of this Courte

And that bothe ^\\the// said parties shall stand vnto abyde and p{er}forme the same and be as firmely bounden thereby as yf the matter of the said Certificate and articles had byn Iudicially p{ro}nounced and sett downe vpon a solempne hearinge of the cause in open Courte.

PRO C93/4/9, No. 7 (Essex)

An Inquisition taken at the White Lyon in Keldon [=Kelvedon] in ye said County vppon ye fourth day of March in ye yeares of the Raigne of o{ur} soveraigne Lord Iames by the grace of God Kinge of England Scotland ffraunce & Ireland defendo{ur} of the faith &c That is to say of England ffraunce and Ireland the eighteth and of Scotland the fower and ffortieth [=4 March 1611] Before Sir William Ayleff Knight, Sir Henry Maxey Knight, Sir Anthonie Evered Knight, Sir Thom{a}s Wisema{n}, Knighte, Thom{a}s Corbet Docto{ur} of Divinity, Thom{a}s Walgrave esq{uire} & Robert Sanford esq{uire} by vertue of his Ma{ies}t{ies} Comission out of his Ma{ies}t{ies} highe Courte of Chauncery vnder ye great seale of England to them and others directed for to redresse ye misimploym{en}t of lan{es} good{es} and stockes of money geven to charitable vses accordinge to a statute in such Cases late made and provided by ye othes of Iohn Sams, Iohn Archer, Iohn Aylet, Iohn Phrize, Raphe Mayot, Iohn Bucke, Edward Cressell, Richard Porter, Anthonie Westwood, Rob{er}te Allyn, Richard Barnard, Iohn Parker, Robert Bateman & George Read. ### Who vppo{n} theire othes doe saie and present y{a}t one {Christ}ofer Swallowe some time of Messinge in ye County aforesaid Clarke deceased was in his lief tyme viz in or about the eleventh yeare of the raigne of Henry ye eighte late Kinge of England Deceased [=1519-20] seised in his demeasne as of fee ^\\(as apereth by a decree out of the highe Courte of Chancery)// of and in the messuages landes and Ten{emen}tes herafter menc{i}oned, That is to saye of and in one Messuage or Ten{emen}te called the ffenne howse scituat lyinge and beinge in Ardley in the said Countie of Essex, and of and in divers edifices howses yard{es} Orchards gardens landes Ten{emen}t{es} and hereditam{en}t{es} w{i}th Thappurten{au}nces therevnto belonginge And allsoe of and in two Messuages or Ten{emen}tes w{i}th divers howses edifices yardes gardens Orchardes Landes ten{emen}t{es} and hereditam{en}t{es} thervnto belonginge scituat lyinge and beinge in the p{ar}ishe of Messinge aforesaid. And of and in one ten{emen}te called Pottes scituat and beinge in Markes Tey in the said County, and of and in divers howses edifices Orchardes yardes gardens Landes Ten{emen}tes and hereditam{en}t{es} thervnto belonginge. And allso of and in one Messuage or Tenement called Pikes scituat lyinge and beinge in Stisteed in the said Countie of Essex and of and in divers edifices howses, building{es}, yardes, gardens Orchard{es} Landes Ten{emen}t{es} & hereditam{en}t{es} thervnto belonginge or appertayninge. And allsoe of and in one Messuage or Ten{emen}te w{i}th Thappurten{au}nces in Coggishall in ye said Countie of Essex, and beinge soe seised did in our about ye tyme aforesaid by good and lawfull Conveyaunce and assuraunce in the lawe Convey and assure all the said Messuages landes ten{emen}t{es} and hereditam{en}t{es} formerly menc{i}oned vnto the righte honorable Iohn Devere late Earle of Oxenford deceased great grandfather to the righte hono{ra}ble Henrie Devere nowe Earle of Oxenford, and to Certaine other persons whose names the Iurie knowe not to the vse and behoof hearafter menc{i}oned, Namely to the vse and intent that the saide Earle and others the Cofeoffees and theire heires and assignes should from tyme to tyme ^\\from// thenceforth for ever demise and lette to fearme all and singuler the saide Messuag{es} landes ten{emen}tes and hereditam{en}t{es} to the best and vtt{er}most yearlie rent that woulde or mighte be geven for the same w{i}thout Comyttinge any spoile or waste, and the issues, rentes and revenewes thereof (the charges of rep{ar}ac{i}ons and the rents issueinge out of the same to the Lordes of the ffees thereof deducted) should whollie be imployed and bestowed for and toward{es} the mainten{au}nce of an honest learned fitte and sufficient grammar schoole maister and his successors for ever, w{hi}ch said schoole maister and his successors should be learned in the Latin tongue and skilfull in grammer, and w{hi}ch said schoolmaister and his successors shoulde from time to time (from thenceforth for ever) for and in respecte onely of the issues and profittes of the said landes Ten{emen}t{es} and hereditament{es} w{i}thout anie other rewarde hire or recompence [educate] teach and instructe in gramm{er} to the number of thirtie children whose parent{es} shoulde be inhabitinge and dwellinge either w{i}thin the p{ar}ishe of Earles Colne in the Countie aforesaid or w{i}thin the severall p{ar}ishes wherein the landes and Ten{emen}tes aforesaid are scituat and doe lye, and in defaulte thereof soe manie other poore Children of anie other p{ar}ishe or p{ar}ishes as should make vp the said number of thirty, and that the said schoole maister and his successors should for ever from thenceforth hold and keepe the said schoole in manner and forme followinge, that is to saye for and duringe the space of three yeares at Earles Colne aforesaid, and for and duringe the space of other three yeares then imediatlie ensueinge at Coggishall aforesaid, and after the said Terme of three yeares then to begin againe at Earles Colne aforesaid and soe to be holden alterius vicibus in manner and forme aforesaide at eache of the saide townes, And the Iuro{ur}s doe further p{rese}nte that afterwardes that is to saie in or about the two & twentieth daie of Auguste in the one and Thirtieth yeare of the said late Raigne of Kinge Henrie the eight [=22 August 1539] ye said {Christ}ofer Swallowe at Messinge aforesaid died, And they alsoe p{rese}nte y{a}t ye said Iohn Earle of Oxenford at Henningham Castell in ye County aforesaid died [= 12 March 1540], and that ye residue of the Cofeoffees alsoe died but whether before ye said Earle or after and what theire names were they knowe not, And they doe further p{rese}nte that Edward Devere late Earle of Oxenford grandchilde to the said Iohn did by his indenture bearinge date ye nynth day of December in ye [five] ^\\syxe// and thirtieth yeare of the Raigne of our late soveraigne Ladie Queene Elizabeth deceased [=9 December 1593] demise and lett to fearme all and singuler ye messuages landes Ten{emen}t{es} and hereditam{en}t{es} aforesaid to one Symon Ive then servant to ye said Earle for ye terme of one and Twenty yeares to begin at ye feast of St Michaell Tharchangell then last past before ye date of ye said indenture [=29 September 1592] for ye yearlie rent of twenty pound{es} & Ten shillings in ye whole, They doe allsoe present y{a}t the said Ive hath sithence ye said lease assigned over his interest vnto severall p{er}sons, That is to saie his interest in ye said messuages and landes in Ardley to one Thom{a}s Preston, and of ye landes and Ten{emen}t{es} in Messinge to one Iohn ffrenche, [and of the landes and Ten{emen}tes in Markes Teyes to one Iohn Damyen], and of ye Ten{emen}te in Coggishall to one Richard Newton, and y{a}t the said Ive and all the saide severall p{er}sons had notice at the tyme of theire severall estates and assignement{es} of the vses and trustes aforesaid. And they doe further p{rese}nte that vppon ye lease made to the saide Ive as afore said there is reserved a farre lesser rent then ye said landes are ann{u}ally worthe, and that the said lease was gotten by fraud & covin from ye said Earle, and by practise & misinformac{i}on geven by the said Ive vnto ye saide Earle ^\\(as by thafforesayd decree aperethe[)]// and that the said Ive paide noe valuable considerac{i}on for the saide lease; and alsoe y{a}t he ye saide Ive hath received sundrie som{m}es of money by waie of fines of ye severall p{er}sons aforesaid amountinge in ye whole to the some of lxxli [=70] and that he hath imploied the said fines to his owne vse and private com{m}oditie, and that one W{illia}m Addams was sometyme advaunced to the saide schoole, and made schoolmaister there by ye said Earle, but beinge enformed of the insufficiency of ye said Addams and of his abuse in procuringe the graunte thereof, and that the said Addams had by Symonie obteined a graunte thereof, the saide hono{ra}ble Earle Caused him to be removed. And they doe further p{rese}nte y{a}t the said Addams is an vnfitte ma{n} either for learninge or manners to be a school maister ^\\ther// and noe waies capable of ye saide schoolmaistershippe. And they doe further present that after the saide Earle had revoked the graunte of ye schoolmaistership made to the saide Addams as afore said the said Earle did by his warr{a}unte vnder his hand and seale bearinge date the thirteenth daie of Marche in the fower and thirtieth yeare of the Raigne of o{ur} said late soveraigne Lady Queene Elizabeth [=13 March 1592] geve and graunt to Will{ia}m Lewyn Doctor of the Civill Lawe Roger Harlackinden and W{illia}m Tiffin esquires full power and authoritie to no{m}i{n}ate and appointe a meete and sufficient p{er}son to execute and p{er}forme the office of a school maister in the schoole aforesaid, and y{a}t ye said Will{ia}m Lewyn Roger Harlackinden & W{illia}m Tiffin by force and vertue of the said warr{a}unte did afterward{es} no{m}i{n}ate and appointe one Iohn Stockbridge a maister of arte, and a meete & sufficient ma{n} to execute the saide place, and that the said Iohn Stockbridge accordingly tooke vppon him the execuc{i}on of the said place. And that afterward{es} the said W{illia}m Addams notw{i}thstandinge the said Earle had in regard of the insufficiencie of the said Addams revoked and countermaunded ye no{m}i{n}ac{i}on of the saide Addams as is aforesaide to the execuc{i}on of the schoolemaistership aforesaid did take vppon him to execute the saide schoolmaistership & vnder colour thereof did & doth demaunde receive and take ye rentes & Revennewes of the saide landes and Ten{emen}tes, & y{a}t therevppon the saide Iohn Stockbridge com{m}ensed his suite againste the saide Addams in the highe Courte of Chauncery aforesaide, & that afterward{es} the saide Cause Com{m}ynge to hearinge in ye said Courte, it was by the order of the saide Courte referred to the hearinge and finall determynac{i}on of the Reverent father in God Richard Bancrofte Lord Byshop of London whoe hearinge ye saide Cavse made an end thereof by mediat{i}on betwene the said p{ar}ties, and therevppon the said Addams did by articles vnder his hand and seale Coven{au}nte to and w{i}th the said Iohn Stockbridge, that he the said Addams should then forthw{i}th Cancell the patent by force whereof he challenged anie right in the said schoole or any of the Rentes landes or Tenem{en}t{es} thervnto belonginge, and that he should never from thenceforth challenge or Clayme anie thinge in the saide schoole or land{es} w{hi}ch said articles beinge by ye said Addams to the B{isho}p certified into the saide Courte of Chauncerie were by the said Courte ordered adiudged and decreed, And therevppon the said Stockbridge enioyed the said schoole and ye rentes and Revenewes of the landes and Ten{emen}t{es} thervnto belonginge accordinge to ye said decree, vntill he was expelled by ye said Addams whoe in contempte of the said decree doth receive the profittes of ye p{re}misses, and to geve shadowe and colour to his dishonest dealing{es} hath of late since the sueinge forth of this Com{m}ission put in a schoole maister into the said schoole and soe teacheth by a deputie w{hi}ch is Contrary to the intent and meaninge of the saide founder of the saide schoole And they doe alsoe p{rese}nte that the howses & building{es} vppon the said landes, are much spoiled wasted and decayed, and the tymber thereof sold awaye, And that since the saide lease soe made to the saide Symon Ive as aforesaide the saide Addams & Ive have made sale of as much wood & Tymber as came to the value of thirty powndes and vpwardes, and Converted the same to theire private vse and benefite. They also p{rese}nte that there was not anie power or Clause to theire knowledge lymited by the saide Conveyaunce made by the saide Swallowe wherebie the saide Earle or anie other of the ffeoffees should have the no{m}i{n}ac{i}on of the saide schoolemaister, & they doe alsoe p{rese}nte that since ye interrupc{i}on of the saide Addams the saide Stockbridge hath alsoe discontynued to keepe anie schoole there, and is yet alive at Naustocke [=Navestock] in Essex, and that the saide landes ten{emen}t{es} and hereditam{en}t{es} soe geven to the saide schoole are yearly worthe De claro to be letten above all charges and reprises the some of three score Pound{es} (signatures)

PRO C93/4/9, No. 8

Whereas the Kinges most excellent Maiesty hath heretofore by his highnes letters patent{es} vnder his great seale of England authorized and appointed vs whose names are herevnto subscribed, amongest others, Com{m}issioners for the puttinge [[into exe]]cucc{i}on of the Sai[[d]] Charitable vses and for the redressing and reformac{i}on of the misemploym{en}t of land{es}, Tenem{en}t{es}, and hereditam{en}t{es}, som{m}es and stock{es} of money good{es} and Chattell{es} geven or bequeathed within the saide county to good and godly and Charitable vses, As by his highnes Com{m}issioners vnder the Great Seale [[it]] doth and maye more at large appeare, AND whereas by the Inquisic{i}on to this present decree annexed taken at Keldon [=Kelvedon] in the County of Essex, the ffourth daie of Marche, in the Eight yere of his Ma{ies}t{ies} raigne of England ffrance and Ireland, and of Scotland the ffour and [[fortieth]] [=4 March 1611] it was vpon the Oathes of ffoureteene honest and lawfull men of the County aforesaide presented, That one Christofer Swallowe sometyme of Messinge in the County aforesaide Clarke deceased, was in his life tyme vizt in or about the eleventh yeare of the reigne of Henry the Eight late King of England deceased [=1519=20], seised in his demeasne as of ffee, as to them it appeared by a decree out of his Ma{ies}t{ies} highe Courte of Chancery, of and in the messuages land{es} and Tenem{en}t{es} hereafter menc{i}oned, That is to saye, of and in one messuage or [[tenement]] Called the fennehouse, scituate lyinge and being in Ardley in the saide County of Essex, and of and in diuerse edifices, houses yard{es} orchard{es}, gardens, land{es} Tenem{en}t{es}, and hereditam{en}t{es} with thapp{ur}ten{au}nces therevnto belonginge and also of and in two Mess[[uages or]] Tenem{en}ts with diverse houses, edifices yard{es} gardens orchard{es}, land{es} Tenem{en}t{es} and hereditament{es} therevnto belonging scituate lyinge and being in the p{ar}ishe of Messinge aforesaide, And of and in one Tenement Called Pottes scituate and being in Markes [[Tey in]] the saide County and of in diverse houses, edifices, orchard{es}, yard{es} gardens land{es} Tenem{en}t{es} and hereditament{es} therevnto belonginge, And also of and in one messuage or Tenem{en}t Called Pikes scituate lyinge and beinge in Slisteed in the said County and of and in divers edifices, houses, building{es}, yard{es} gardens orchard{es} land{es} Tenem{en}t{es} and hereditam{en}t{es} therevnto belonginge or app{er}teyninge, And also of and in one messuage or Tenem{en}t with thapp{ur}ten{au}nc{es} in Coggishall in the said county, And being so seazed did [[at the]] tyme aforesaid by good and lawfull Conveyaunce and assuraunce in the lawe Convey and assure all the saide messuages land{es} Tenem{en}t{es} and hereditament{es} formerly mentioned vnto the right Honorable Iohn De Vere late the earle of Oxenforde de[[ceased]] great Grandfather to the right honorable Henry De Vere nowe Earle of Oxenford, and to Certen other p{er}sons whose names the Iurie knowe not and theire heires to the vse and behoufe hereafter menc{i}oned NOWE only to the vse and [[behoof of]] the saide Earle, and others the Cofeoffees theire heires and assignes, shoulde from tyme to tyme from thenceforth foreuer, demise and lett to farme all and singuler the saide messuages land{es} and Tenem{en}t{es} to the best and vttermost yerely rent that would or might be given for the same, without Com{m}ittinge anie spoile or wast, and the yssues rent{es} and revenewes thereof the Charges of rep{ar}ac{i}ons and the Rent{es} yssuinge out of the same to the lord{es} of the fees thereof deducted, should wholy be ymployed and bestowed for and toward{es} the maineteynance of an honest learned fitt and sufficient Grammer Schoole maister and his successors foreuer, which saide Schoolemaister and his successors shoulde be learned in the Latyn Tongue and skilful in grammar And which saide Schoole maister and his successors shoulde from tyme to tyme from thenceforth forever, for and in respect only of the yssues and profitt{es} of the saide land{es} Tenem{en}t{es} and hereditam{en}t{es} without anie other reward hire or recompence teach and instructe in grammar the number of Thirty Children, whose parent{es} shoulde be inhabitinge & dwelling either w{i}thin the p{ar}ishe of Earles Colne in the County aforesaide, or within the seuerall p{ar}ishes wherein the land{es} and Tenem{en}t{es} aforesaide are scituate and do lye, and in defaulte thereof so many other poore Children of anie other p{ar}ishe or p{ar}ishes as shoulde make vpp the saide number of Thirty. And that the saide Schoolemaister and his successors shoulde foreuer from thenceforth holde and keepe the saide Schoole [[in]] manner and forme followinge that is to saye, for and during the space of Three yeares at Earles Colne aforesaide, and for and during the space of other Three yeares then ymediately insuinge at Coggishall aforesaide, and after the saide terme of three yeres [[then]] to begin againe at Earles Colne aforesaide, and so to be holden alterius vicibus in manner and forme aforesaide at eache of the saide Townes, AND the Iurors did further present vpon theire oathes, that afterward{es} that is to saye in or about the Two and twentith daie of August in the One and Thirtithe yere of the saide late raigne of Kinge Henry the Eight [=22 August 1539] the saide Christofer Swallowe at Messinge aforesaide died, AND the saide Iurors did then and there also present, that the said Iohn Earle of Oxenford at Henningham Castle in the County aforesaide died and that the residue of the Cofeoffees also died [=12 March 1540], but whether before the saide Earle or after and what theire names were they knowe not, AND the saide Iuorors did then and there further present that Edward De Vere late [[Earle of]] Oxenford graunde Childe to the saide Iohn, did by his Indenture bearing date the Nynthe daie of December in the Sixe and Thirtithe yeare of the raigne of our late soueraigne Lady queene Elizabeth deceased [=9 December 1593], demise and lett to fearme, all and singuler [[the]] messuages land{es} Tenement{es} and hereditament{es} aforesaide, to one Symon Ive then servant to the saide Earle, for the terme of One and Twentie yeres to begin at the feast of Saint Michaell Tharchangell then last past before the date of the saide Ind[[enture]] [=29 September 1592] for the yerely rent of Twenty pound{es} and Tenne shilling{es} in the whole, AND that the saide Ive hath sithence the saide lease assigned ouer his saide interest in the premisses vnto seuerall p{er}sons, That is to saye, his interest in the saide messuage and lands in Ardley to one Thomas Preston, and of the land{es} and Tenement{es} in Messinge to one Iohn ffrenche, and of the Tenem{en}t in Coggishall to one Richard Newton, And that the saide Ive, and all the saide seuerall p{er}sons had notice at the tyme of theire seu[[erall estates]] and Assignement{es} of the vses and trustes aforesaid, AND the saide Iurors did further present vpon theire oathes, that vpon the lease made to the saide Ive as aforesaide, there is reserued a farre lesser rent then the said land{es} are or at the [[time]] of [[his]] demise were annually worthe, And that the saide lease was gotten by fraude and Covin from the saide Earle, and by practise and misinformac{i}on geven by the saide Ive vnto the saide Earle, as by the foresaide decree out of his highnes Court of [[Chancer]]y ^\\to// them it appeared, And that the saide Ive paide no valuable Considerac{i}on for the saide lease, And also that he the saide Ive hath receyved sondry som{m}es of money by waye of ffines of the seuerall p{er}sons aforesaide amountinge in the whole to Ey[[ght hundred]] Threescore and Tenne pound{es}, And that he hath ymployed the saide fines to his owne vse and private comoditie, And that one William Addams was sometyme advaunced to the saide Schoole, and made Schoole maister there by the said E[[ar]]l[[e who]] informed of the insufficiency of the saide Adams, and of his abuse in procuring the graunte thereof, and that the saide Addams had by Symony or vnlawfull meanes obteyned agream{en}te thereof, the saide honorable Earle confessed him to be [[insufficient AND]] they did further present vpon theire oathes that the saide Addames is an vnfitt man either for learninge or manners to be a Schoolemaister there and no waies Capable of the saide Schoolemastershipp AND they did further present [[that the]] saide Earle had revoked the graunte of the Schoolemaistershipp made to the saide Addames as aforesaide, the saide Earle did by his warrant vnder his hand and seale bearing date the Thirteenth daie of Marche, In the fower and Thirtyeth yere [[of the]] raigne of our saide late Soueraigne lady Queene Elizabeth [=13 March 1592], geve and graunte to William Lewyn Doctor of the Civill lawe, Roger Harlackinden and William Tiffin Esquiers full power and authoritye to nomynate and appointe a meete [[and suff]]icient p{er}son to execute and p{er}forme the office of a Schoole maister in the Schoole aforesaide, And that the saide William Lewyn, Roger Harlackinden, and William Tiffin by force and vertue of the said warrant, did afterward{es} nomynate and appoynte [[one]] Iohn Stockbridge a master of Arte, a meete and sufficient man to execute the saide place, And that the saide Iohn Strockbridge accordingly tooke vpon him the execuc{i}on of the saide place, And that afterward{es} the saide William Addams notwithstandinge the saide Earle had in regard of the insufficiency of the saide Addams, revoked and Countermaunded the nomynac{i}on of the saide Addams as is aforesaide to the execuc{i}on of the Schoolemastershipp afores[[aid did take]] vpon him to execute the saide Schoolemaistershipp, and vnder Coloure thereof did and doth demaunde receyve & take the rent{es} and revenuewes of the land{es} and Tenement{es} aforesaide. And that therevpon the saide Iohn Stock[[bridge did make]] his suite against the saide Addams in the highe Courte of Chauncery aforesaide, And that afterward{es} the saide Cause Com{m}inge to hearing in the saide Courte, It was by the order of the saide Courte referred to the hearinge & hono{ra}ble determyna[[c{i}on]] of the Reverent father in god Richard Bancrofte Lord Bishopp of London who hearing the saide cause made an end thereof, by mediac{i}on between the saide p{ar}ties, and therevpon the saide Addams, did by articles vnder his hand and seale [[covenant]] to and with the saide Iohn Stockebridge, That he the saide Addams shoulde then forthwith Cancell the Pattent by force whereof he Challenged anie right in the saide Schoole or anie of the rent{es} land{es} or Tenement{es} therevnto belonginge And that he shoulde neuer from thenceforth Challenge or Clayme anie rent{es} or profitt{es} out of the saide Schoole or Schoole land{es}, which saide articles subscribed by the saide Addams, and by the Bishopp Certefied the saide Courte of Chauncery were by the saide Courte ordered adiudged & decreed, and therevpon the saide Stockbridge enioyed the saide Schoole and the Rent{es} and revenuewes of the land{es} and Tenement{es} therevnto belonginge, accordinge to the same decree vntill he was expelled by the saide Addams who in contempt of the saide decree doth receyve the profitt{es} of the premisses, and to geve shadowe and Coloure to his dishonest dealing{es} hath of late synce the suinge forth of this Commission put in a Schoole master into the saide Schoole and so teacheth by a deputy which is Contrary to the intent and meaninge of the saide founder of the saide Schoole, AND they did also present that the houses and building{es} vpon the said land{es} are much spoyled wasted & decayed, and the tymber thereof soulde awaye, and that synce the saide lease so made to the saide Symon Ive as aforesaide, the saide Addams and Ive haue made sale of asmuch wood and tymber as Comes to the value of Thirty pound{es} and vpward{es}, and Converted the same to theire owne private vse and benefitt, THEY did also present that there was not anie power or Clause to theire knowledge lymmytted by the saide Conveyaunce made by the saide Swallowe whereby the saide Earle or anie other of the ffeoffees shoulde haue the nomynac{i}on of the saide Schoolemaister, AND they did also present, that since the interrupc{i}on of the saide Addams, the saide Stockbridge hath also discontynued to keepe anie schoole there, and is yett alive at Nawstocke in Essex, and that the saide land{es}, Tenement{es} and hereditament{es} so geven to the saide Schoole are yerely worthe, De claro to be letten, aboue all charges and reprises the sum of Threescore pound{es} ALL WHICH premisses having heard examyned and duly considered of, we Sir Iohn Sammes, Sir William Ayloffe, Sir Henry Maxey, Sir Anthony Everard, and Sir Thomas Wiseman Knights, & Thom{a}s Corbet Doctor of Divinity, William Sammes Doctor of lawe, Thomas Waldegrave, William Tiffin, Thomas Perient, Iohn Stephens, and Robert Sanford Esquiers, doe by vertue of the authority aforesaide order and decree as followeth vizt That the saide William Addams in the Inquisic{i}on mentioned shalbe removed from his place of Schoole maistershipp ymediately in regard of his vnfittnes both for learninge and manners, And for that it is found by the saide Inquisic{i}on that the saide Swallowe hath not Certenly appointed anie p{ar}ticuler p{er}son or p{er}sons from tyme to tyme to nomynate and appointe a Schoole maister there as it had beene ffitt, and necessarye. WE THEREFORE desirouse to reduce the defect{es} of the saide Conveyance of the saide Swallowe to some p{er}fection in the nomynac{i}on of the saide Schoolemaister, and that it maye be and Contynue accordinge to the true intent and meaninge of the saide Swallowe, doe order and decree for this present and foreuer hereafter, That the right Reuerent father in god, the Lord Bishopp of the Dioces of London, and his successors Bishopps of the said Sea for the tyme beinge shall and maye nomynate and appointe as often as the said place of Schoole maistershipp shall become voide, one sufficient and able learned man to be [[[.......]]] Schoole maister in the place or places menc{i}oned, and that thereby the p{er}son or p{er}sons so nomynated shall and maye be Capable of the saide place of Schoole maister and that euery p{er}son and p{er}sons so nomynated and appointed shall haue for his salary and paynes all the yssues, rent{es}, profitt{es} and Revenewes of the saide land{es} given by the saide Swallowe to his owne vse. AND yf it fortune the said Schoolemaistership be anie tyme hereafter, or at this present to be voide, the saide Sea of London being likewise voide, Them we order and decree, that the Lord Arche Bishopp of Canterbury shall haue full power and authority to nomynate and appoynte a Schoole maister there in as ample manner as the saide Bishopp of London, and the saide Schoole maister to be Capable to all intent{es} and purposes as is aforesaide of the nomynac{i}on of the Bishopp of London AND ALSO we do further order and decree that the lease made to the said Symon Ive, is and shalbe holden and accompted from henceforthe meerely voide to all intent{es} and purposes for the reasons menc{i}oned in the saide Inquisic{i}on, And that vntill the feast of Saint Michaell next insuinge [[...............]] the saide assignes of the saide Ive shall enioye the saide land{es} and Tenement{es} payinge their rent{es} vnto the succeedinge Schoolemaister, And that the assignes of the saide Ive shalbe discharged of all arrerages of rent{es} and profitt{es} of the said land{es} and Tenement{es} or anie of them paide vnto the saide Addams, And that the saide Ive shall paye vnto the succeedinge Schoole Maister the sum{m}e of Threescore and Tenne pound{es} for and in respect of wood{es} ^\\felled// and other wast by him Committed, and vnder ff[[eoffament ...]] the Inquisic{i}on as appeareth ^\\AND// because it was the true intent and meaninge of the saide Swallowe, that the saide land{es} tenement{es} and heridatement{es} shoulde Continue in ffeoffement for the vses afforesaid in perpetuity, Therefore we do order and decree that the right honorable the Earle of Oxenforde that nowe is, or his heires, shall either before or within one whole yere next insuinge his or theire full age or ages, at the Cost{es} and Charges of the then Schoole maister by [[Co]]nveyaunce and assuraunce in lawe Convey and assure all and euery the saide messuage{es} land{es} Tenement{es} and hereditament{es} to Sixe or Eight, of the Iustices of the peace of the County of Essex, then dwellinge or inhabiting neerest to the Schoole of Colne or Coggeshall aforesaide and to theire heires for euer, To the seuerall vses and intent{es} lymitted by the said Swallowe, and after the death of ffower of them, then a newe ffeoffament to be made so as the land{es} maie Contynue [[...............in]] p{er}petuity to the vses abouesaide, ALSO we do further order and decree that no lease or leases shall after the tyme lymitted for the newe ffeoffament be made of the premisses without the Consent of the more part [[of the ffeo]]ffees [[for the]] tyme beinge in writinge vnder theire hand{es} and seales. And that vpon euery lease or leases hereafter to be made, either before the saide newe ffeoffament or after of the premisses, there shall be no ffine or Income taken or had but the same shalbe letten at the best and truest yearely rent that wilbe given for the saide land{es} and Tenement{es} and that the said land{es} and Tenement{es} are reasonably worthe, And no leases to be made but for the terme of one and twenty yeares or vnder, and no lease in Reuerc{i}on nor without ympeachment of wast to be made thereof nor of anie p{ar}te or p{ar}cel therof ALSO we do order and decree that no wood sales neither of the wood or tymber groweinge vpon the premisses or vpon anie p{ar}te or p{ar}cell thereof shalbe made without the Consent of the more part of the ffeoffees vnder their hand{es} and seales, and that all such som{m}es of money (the charges of fe[[..]]inge fellinge and the rents issueinge out of the same standinge vpon the saide land{es} and Tenement{es} being deducted) shall goe and be ymployed to the vse and behoufe of the Schoole maister for the tyme beinge ALSO we doe order and decree that the Schoole maister shalbe resident vpon the saide Schoole; and shall not haue or take anie other benefice or Ecclesiasticall lyvinge or function vpon him / And that euery Schoole maister which is advaunced to the said Schoole shalbe advanced freely for his deserving [[.....]]ing and sufficiencie to execute the place. ALSO for that the saide Addams hath Condiscended to relinquishe and give over all his supposed right to the saide Schoole and profitt{es} of land{es} thereto belonginge without anie further trouble to his Successor whomsoeuer it shall happen to be, WE do order and decree that the saide Addams shall receyve the rent{es} of the saide land{es} due at the feast of the Annunciation of our lady next insuing the date hereof and no longer, AND we decree that no Schoolemaister shalbe admitted to the saide Schoole, excepte he shall formerly haue beene admitted into one of the Vniuersities of Oxonford or Cambridge and receive at the least one Degree [[of the same]] and that he shall teache and instruct to the Number of Thirty poore Scholers whose parent{es} shalbe inhabitinge in the p{ar}yshes aforesaide without anie reward accordinge as it is founde in the saide Inquisic{i}on vnder truste of the saide [[Schoole maistershipp for]] the first Three yeares to be holden at Earles Colne aforesaide. IN WITNESS WHEREOF we haue sett to our hand{es} and seales, this Twenith daie of March In the yeare of the raigne [[of our so]]veraign Lord [[King Iames]] by the grace of god Kinge of England, Scotland, ffraunce, and Ireland, defendor of the faithe &c that is to saye, of England, ffrance, and Ireland, the Eight, and of Scotland the ffower and ffortithe 1610 [=12 March 1611].

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