Oxford's Subsquent Reputation in Italy

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Julia Cooley Altrocchi, in Shakespeare Authorship Review, 2 (Autumn, 1959), cites the following literary fantasy from Andrea Perrucci, Dell' Arte Rappresentative Premeditata ed all'Improviso (Naples, 1699):

I found myself ambassador of my illustrious country of Bologna at the court of the Emperor Polidor of Trebizond, and attending the great tournament celebrating his marriage to Irene, Empress of Constantinople. Present were many great worthies, Basil, King of Zelconda, Doralba, Princess of Dacia, Arcont, vaivode of Moldavia, Arsileus, heir of Denmark, Isuf, pasha of Aleppo, Fatima, Sultan of Persia, Elmond, milord of Oxford ...

The horse of Milord of Oxford is faun-colored and goes by the name of Oltramarin (Beyond-the-Sea). Edward carried a large sword (spadone). His color of costume is socrates. He carries for device a falcon with a motto taken from Terence: Tendit in ardua virtus (Valor proceeds to arduous undertakings).

In this Tirata, Milord of Oxford, amusingly enough, tilted against Alvida, countess of Edenburg, who was mounted on a dapple grey, was armed with a Frankish lance and was robed in lemon color. In the end, Edward and Alvida, alas, threw one another simultaneously, both landing face down in the dust!

Nevertheless, Emperor Polidor awarded to all the knights and amazons gifts out of the cupboard of antiquity. To Elmond - Edward - was given the horn of Astolf, paladin of Charlemagne, the magic horn to rout armies - a spear of sorts to shake, with enchanted consequences.

Clearly, the image in the third paragraph of the male Edward and the female Alvida throwing one another simultaneously and ending together on the ground, has strongly sexual implications, as does Edward's weapon, the spadone.

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