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[=75] Huntington Library EL2344 (bifolium, 310mm x 205mm); "this tyme of Easter".

NB: After he wrote the body of the text, Oxford added notes in the left margin, which I have placed at the end, using numbers in square brackets as keys.

Her Magestyes Tyne whiche ys yerly transported owt of the Realme, by the most fauorablest [sic] Rate.

ys [1] xij hundred thowsand pownd weyght.

After which ys this Account made.

Her [2] Magestye Allowes at the Beame to the Marchent, twentie ownces to the pound. which ys six score pound to the hundred. Throwghe all England besyde, Tyne ys sold for sixpence apound, and sixpence halpennye.

Vpon every hundred weyght the Marchent payes fyve grotes Custome, so yat by the twentie pound overplus, to the hundred, of fyve score, he payes her Magesty her custome of fyve grotes, and gaynes in every hundred, [.] Eyght shillinges and fowre pence.

Her Magestye takinge the Commodite whollye into her owne hand gaynes thys eyght shyllinges and fowre pence, for she buyinge vp the commodite for her self, ther is no reasone for the Marchent to have that allowance, and her Magesty sellinge to him after sixtene ownces to the pound gaynes yerlye herby, fyve thowsand syx hundred pound more and aboue her Custome, that she hathe.

The Marchent byinge hys Tyne here [at] for sixpence the pound, sels beyond the [same] ^\\seas//, for two, thre, and fowre shyllinges, the pound, as in france, [&] Italie, and Turchie, the nerer to vs they carrie yt the cheper they sell yt, the farther of [=off], the derer.

If [3] then thus takinge the commodite into her owne hand, her Magestye pleas to impose twoopence one [=on] every hundred [which y] And make yt eyght pence a pound, yt yeldes her, Ten thowsand pound.

The whoole yeares profit of Tyne after this Rate ys bowght vp for thyrtie thowsand pound. But for that there ys fowre coynages in every yeare. her Magestye ys not to vse for stoke more then a forthe part. so yat seventhowsand or Nyne-thowsand pound may suffise for the stoke, yf every coynage fell owt proportionablye [4], that ys thre hundred thowsand pound of Tyne at a Coynage. But for yat yt ys at sume Coynage more plentifull and at sume other more scant. Thowghe at the yere end yt fyles [=fills] vp the complet number of xij hundred thowsand. To preuent and be prouided for suche vncerteynte, Ten or twelue thowsand pound may serue, for stoke.

The [5] Necescite of the Stoke ys thys. The Masters of the Myne Tynes are constreyned to kepe a multitude at worke vpon the Mynes, for which cause they are forced and have vsed to borrow monye of the Marchants before hand, payinge sumtyme eyght for the hundred and Ten one [=on] the hundred sumtyme more or lesse as they can gett yt of the Marchent.

Wherby [6] the Marchent makes a great Commodite, for he ys not payed bake his interest in monye but in Tyne, and at suche price as [th] he lyst to sett downe at the coignage. Wherby throwghe this necescite of || monye to furnishe the charge of the pioners which worke in there Tyne Mynes, the Marchant howlds the Master of the Tyn worke whiche ys allwayes in his dett by thys occasione, [yat he hathe] in suche Bondage, that at tymes of the coignage they rate low or hy the price of Tyne as yt pleasethe them.

This mischiefe the Masters of the Tynes mynes, shalbe deliuerd of, yf yt pleas her Magesty for her stoke imployed, to that vse shall furnishe the Tyn master to kepe his men at worke, ever before hand havinge his necescite serued by her Magestyes stoke, giuinge her fyve pound, in the hundred, and payinge yt in Tyne as he dyd the Marchant.

And wheras thes Tyn Masters sume thre yeres sythence accorded gladly with the Marchant [that] for fowre and twenty pound price the thowsand, [to] of Tyne, to have yt for ever certeyne, her Magestye shall giue them, fyve and twentye [thowsand] pound for every thowsand pound of Tyne, so the contrie sythe to the Marchant they consented for a lesse certeynte, To her Magestye in reasone & dutye, they are not to contrast, for a greater [sca....] certentie.

The Marchant[+] have wonderfully abused her Magesty by thys vsurped and incroched [=encroached] authorite they have gotten into ther hands, for when her Magesty wowld loke into [-the] [charges] this Commodite, & to se what stoke were sufficient to imploy that the whole commodite myght redound to her self, then the Marchant to blynd suche as she imployethe in suche causes, streyght at there plesure rayse the prise of Tyne to [.] suche vnresonable Rate, that her Magesty ys therby discoraged & by this and suche leke [=like] meanes, they kep [=keep] the great Commodite of ye Tyne vnknowne of purpos to benifite them selues. But thes deceyts and others which I could [..] explayne to her Magesty are of no importance, to hynder her yf she lyst to take yt to her owne hands, and turninge out the Marchant make yt her owne Commodite. And then, only by thys way, which I have sett downe, by the Eyght shyllinges and fourpence, gayned as I have [sett downe] ^\\sayd// before, which ys 5600l a yere, by the twopence imposed, which ys Ten thowsand pound a yeare, for the Interest of her stoke which ys, yf yt pleas her Twelue thowsand or Ten, syx hundred or fyve hundred pound, a yeare, She aduancethe her Custome more and over that she hathe. [A Thows]

Syxtene thowsand, two hundred pound, or syxtene thowsand one hundred pound a yeare as yt shall please her to make her Stoke eyther [for] Ten or Twelue thowsand pound.

To conclud.

Yf then her Magesty suffer thys sute of the Pevterers to passe she may evidently se she overthrowes thys great Commodite, for which she hathe the same Reasones, to incorage her, that they which frend [=friend, befriend], the Peuterers cause, alleage, As yowre Lordship and Her Magesty can better conceyve then I need to exprese farther.

[By] And as yt ys muche agaynst her Magestyes profite to let the Compagnie of Pevterers vnder suche cullerable showes to go away with this gayne pykt as yt were out of her purse, so ys yt the Rather to be reiected sythe yt incoragethe and dravethe one [=draweth on], other of the leke [=like] nature all preiuditiall to her Magesty. Thus now || yowre lordship hathe in a rude hande, and with a rufe account as short as I could deuise to contract a matter, so Intricat[+,] the state of her Magestye Tyne. What Commodite, ys in her powre to make yt, what meanes to rayse yt, and with whatt smale [=small] stoke she may accomplishe yt. The reasones to exhort nede to be non other, then ys made by them that purswade her in the behalf of the Pewterers, for yf they be stronge for them, they are more forcible for her Magesty.

Yf yowre Lordship confer this aduertisment, with that which I sent yow this morninge and yat Report of Mr Myddeltones, yowre Lordship may Informe yowre self perfetly.

That which I sent this morninge, dyd ere [=err] in the Halpennie, for there I dyd set downe, for every halpennye fyve thowsand, where I showld have sett downe but twoo thowsand fyve hundred so yat bothe halpennies come but to fyve thowsand pound.

I am very gladd, yowre Lordship lokes into yt and yt ys a great incoragment to me, for that I know, yow will not be carried ether wythe partialite or affectione. But [of] that which shalbe most seruisable for her Magesty, yow will fauour, and further. And so far I desyre yowre Lordship to stand my friend in this as yow shall se I do ryghtfullye, and truly Informe her Magestye. And suffer yt not by cunninge, authorite, or subtil meanes, to be suppressed, yat others in tyme, vnder deuised pretences, may steele away her Magestyes profit. And for that I am to send to her Magesty the leke [=like] of this [...ro] certificat to morowe, & that I know she will have speache with yowre Lordship, I shall desyre yowre Lordship to help her ryghtly to conceyve yt, for I know her opinion of this great commodite hathe bene myghtely discoraged, And so longe as she will be altred with every tryflinge obiectione so longe she shall never have yt as she desires. but yf she will resolue, and presently giue order, that no Tyne be sowld to any Marchant at this coynage but to her self ^\\or Assignes// yf the coynage be not allredie past, for About this tyme of Easter ys one of the chiefest Coynage. Or yf yt be, Agaynst ^\\Midsummer or// Michelmas Coignage to take the order, she shall se how easie a thinge yt ys and profitable for her Magesty for As I remember, Easter [and and] and Michelmas be the greatest Coynages.

Endorsed (O): The whole effect of the Tyne Cause.

[1 (right margin)] Yf yt be fauour to Rat [=rate] yt lower then yt ys to deceyve.

[2]

5600l
2500
_________
8100

The halpennie makes yt 8100l

[3] Which ys but one halpennie more then the Pewterers sute imports for on [=one] half pennie they have, & other they wowld have her Magestye take & Tyne ys sould for syxpence halpennye. so that her Magestie imposethe but one halpennye more in raysinge yt to twopence.

[4] Her Magesty hathe bene Informed styll yat there must be [fortty thowsand] fortye thowsand ll stoke.

[5] But furnishinge one quarterege, satisfisethe [=satisfieth] the hoole, beinge presently fyld vp agayne with the sale of the Tyne, & so quarterly yt followes.

[6] By ye demand of 40 thowsand her Magesty may perceyve, The rate of Tyne ys greater than this here set doune.

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