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A Caution on Timing of the Subject Sessions

page33.jpg (23622 bytes)Under ordinary circumstances, it is expected that Phases 1 and 2 will require no more than one hour, each, to complete. In most cases, both phases can be performed in an hour or so.

The predefined limits of 35 targets and 7 descriptors per target should be more than adequate to assessment needs. Note, however, that if subjects generated 7 unique descriptors for each target (arguably an unlikely eventuality), these limits would yield a target-by-descriptor matrix consisting of 8,575 (35 targets x [35x7 = 245 descriptors]) cells, each of which must eventually be filled in during the Rating session. At the rate of one rating per second, it would take a subject 143 minutes, or almost 2-1/2 hours, to complete Phase 3. Most subjects, of course, will require somewhat more time than this to make their ratings. Accordingly, operators may wish to set informal limits on subjects' responses.

PERSPACE requires that the generation of targets and descriptors be completed in one sitting. However, for the reasons just cited, rating every target on every descriptor can get a little tedious. Therefore, Version 3.5 allows subjects to take one or more breaks in the midst of a target-rating session without spoiling the response latency data, and even permit termination of a session and its resumption at a later time.

When the session is resumed, the Operator receives a warning, and the program continues to collect data at the point where it had been interrupted.

The target-descriptor pairs are presented for ratings in random order. The sequence of presentation is recorded in the RATINGS.DAT, VIEW.DAT, and DATA.RAW matrices.

Finally, it should be noted that some (but apparently not all) PC-compatible computers allow subject sessions to be terminated precipitously by pressing CONTROL-BREAK or CONTROL-C. Operators are advised not to inform subjects expressly of this fact; else, paradoxical intention on the part of the subject is likely to lead to disaster. Of course, nothing can prevent a determined, computer-wise subject from mucking up the system. Still, with the provision of breaks in the rating session, such an accident will have no long-term consequences: when restarted, the system will pick up where it left off.


A Caution on Running the Same Subject Twice

PERSPACE 3.5 is designed to collect data from only a single sequence of three phases. For example, a subject might be asked to list, describe, and rate all of the important people in his or her life. However, there are circumstances under which more than one sequence of data-collection will be desirable. For example, subjects might be asked to work with more than one set of targets (e.g., to list, describe, and rate situations as well as persons; or to describe a single list of targets on more than one dimension (e.g., descriptions of an event and how that event made the subject feel); or to rate a single list of targets on more than one set of descriptors (e.g., subject-generated and experimenter-supplied; or to rate the same targets, on the same descriptors, on more than one occasion (e.g., before and after therapy, or some significant life-event).

Note, however, that restarting a Target, Descriptor, or Rating session (except, in the case of Rating sessions, a planned interruption) will effectively delete the corresponding data files created during the last such session.

For this reason, it is recommended that at the conclusion of each assessment (i.e., at the end of Phase 3), data generated by the Subject be backed up and retained permanently. The appropriate files then can be copied for second and later uses. As with any other software system, the best advice is to backup the data files.


Changing Screen Color

page36.jpg (27081 bytes)PERSPACE is designed to be run on a color monitor, and permits a wide variety of color choices for background, foreground (normal and enhanced), and highlighting.

After making a selection, quit to the previous level of the Operator Menu.

Note that changing the screen color affects every part of the program except that which changes the screen color itself. This is intended to prevent accidentally rendering the screen unreadable.

On the IBM PS/2, a total of 16 choices are available for foreground and highlighting. A subset of 8 of these are available for the background.

The effect of the current choice is demonstrated at the bottom of the Color Menu screen.


A Guide to Program Files

page37.jpg (24837 bytes)PERSPACE contains two different kinds of files. System files run the procedure, and are distributed among three different subdirectories. Subject files contain data generated by the subject, and are stored in a fourth subdirectory that is created by input of identifying information by the Operator. On the distribution disk, these subject files pertain to the demonstration subject discussed below.

Also, the distribution disk contains, in a fifth subdirectory, BMDP job control language, and statistical analysis output, generated by the demonstration subject.



System Files

The following system files are found on the installation disk and must be present for the PERSPACE program to work properly:


In Subdirectory PERSPACE

COLORS.SCR Contains the user's selected Screen Attributes
LIST.COM Public Domain Listing Program


KELLY.PER Categories of Persons Suggested by Kelly (Kelly, 1955)
KELLY.EVE Categories of Episodes Suggested by Kelly (Kelly, 1955)
ROSENBER.PER Categories of Persons Suggested by Rosenberg (Rosenberg, 1977)
MAYMAN.EVE Categories of Early Recollections Suggested by Mayman (Mayman, 1968)
PERVIN.SIT Categories of Situations Suggested by Pervin (Pervin, 1976)
FREELIST.PER "Please list all the Important People in your Life"
FREELIST.EVE "Please list all the Important Events in your Life"
FREELIST.SIT "Please list all the Important Situations in your Life"

These target lists are described in detail in Appendix 1.   

Note that the original set of PERSPACE target prompts supplied on the distribution disk is dated 07/10/90. Users of the system are, of course, free to revise these files as convenient.



BENJAMIN Benjamin Interpersonal Circle Descriptors (Benjamin, 1974)
EKFRIES Ekman/Friesen Basic Emotions (Ekman & Friesen, 1971)
FEHRRUSS  Fehr/Russell Affect Terms (Fehr & Russell, 1984)
GOLD1710 Goldberg 1710 Trait Adjectives (Goldberg, 1977)
MCCRAE McCrae and Costa Traits (McCrae & Costa, 1987)
MCCRAE.WEE Short McCrae and Costa Traits (McCrae & Costa, 1987)
NORMAN Norman Traits (Norman, 1963)
PEABODY Peabody Traits (Peabody, 1987)
PEABODY.WEE Short Peabody Traits (Peabody, 1987)
PLUTCHIK Plutchik Affect Structure (Plutchik, 1980)
RUSSCIRC Russell Affect Circumplex (Russell, 1981)
SCHWSHA Schwartz/Shaver Affect Categories (Shaver, Schwartz, Kirson, & O'Connor, 1987)
TELLEGEN Tellegen Affect Circumplex Watson & Tellegen, 1985)
WIASRB5 Wiggins IASR-B5 Trait Adjectives (Trapnell & Wiggins, 1990)
WIGGINS Wiggins Interpersonal Traits (Wiggins, 1979)
WIGGINS.WEE Short Wiggins Interpersonal Traits (Wiggins, 1979)

These descriptors are described in detail in Appendix 2.  Note that the original set of PERSPACE descriptor prompts supplied on the distribution disk is dated 07/09/90. Users of the system are, of course, free to revise these files as convenient.



USER.MAN this document (WordPerfect 5.1)

Note that a shortened version of the official PERSPACE user manual, PERSPACE.WEE, supplied on the distribution disk is dated 11/22/92. The version supplied lacks representations of the screens and certain other illustrative material.

The distribution disk may also contain the Turbo Pascal source code for PERSPACE, thus permitting programmers to make modifications to the system. These files are stored in a separate subdirectory.


In Subdirectory PERSPACE\SOURCE:


Note also that three other files are created when Turbo Pascal compiles these four files into an executable file (PERSPACE.EXE):


These three files are not necessary and have been deleted.


Subject Files

In addition to the system files, the following subject files are stored a subdirectory that is created for each individual subject on the chosen drive. The name of the Subdirectory is formed by using the first six characters of the Subject's last name, followed by an underscore and the first character of the Subject's first name. The files are generated by the system to capture the necessary data generated in the session.


In the Subdirectory created for each Subject

SUBJECT.INF Information entered in the opening screen and/or updated later
SETTINGS.INI Initial settings used by the system to keep track of files, variables, etc.
TARGET.INP Prompt file used for inputting Targets
TARGETS.SUB  Targets generated by the Subject
TARGETS.RAT  Edited set of Targets used by the Program for rating by the Subject
DESCRIPT.SUB Descriptors generated by the Subject
DESCRIPT.ED  Edited set of Descriptors
DESCRIPT.RAT Descriptors used by the Program for rating by the Subject
RATINGS.DAT  Target X Descriptor Matrices of Ratings, Response Latencies, and Order of Presentation
VIEW.DAT Contains the data found in Targets.SUB, Descript.SUB, and Ratings.DAT
DATA.RAW Same as in Ratings.DAT, except rotated and unformatted and ready for export to a statistics package

An example of a VIEW.DAT file is provided in Appendix 3.



This page last revised 04/08/10 02:58:48 PM.