Prevention by Design's work with the counties
is based on the Five Steps developed by the California
Department of Alcohol and Drug Programs. The five
steps combine the elements of many successful
prevention methodologies to help counties meet
CSAP research-based prevention concepts as well
as the U.S. Department of Education principles
of effectiveness grant requirements. The Regional
Trainers assist the counties in following the
five steps using Prevention by Design's Planning
Guide, a step-by-step manual covering every aspect
of each of the steps, complete with tip sheets
for specific issues, such as culture and diversity,
data mapping, and evaulation techniques.
The five steps are:
- Identify areas of concern for community AOD problems;
- Collect and analyze relevant data to define the local magnitude and locations of problems, identify target populations and environments and assess resources;
- Rank AOD problems according to community need and health / safety criteria,
- Share data and ranked concerns with the community.
- A ssess readiness, capacity, and stakeholder resources and leadership to implement and sustain prevention initiatives;
- Engage and mobilize local resources (financial and organizations) to address assessed needs. This may include convening partnerships or coalitions.
- Build readiness, cultural competency, and leadership among prevention partners through education and training.
- Prioritize AOD concerns.
- Set priorities for action on AOD problems;
- Identify strategies for use with target populations and/or high-risk settings;
- Use assessment data to develop a county strategic plan that includes effective policies, programs, and practices.
- Identify strategic goals, objectives, and measurements; logic models are useful tools.
- Prepare work plans for implementation, including evaluation plans.
- Carry out the plan(s) developed in Step 3 above
- As appropriate, issue RFPs / RFAs, etc. to carry out the work of the plan;
- Documenting the work plan’s process and activities according to the evaluation plan;
- Modify (and document) implementation as needed to achieve project goals and objectives.
- Activate evaluation plan designed above;
- Collect, analyze and report evaluation data to analyze processes and outcomes for the programs, policies, and practices being implemented in Step 4.
- Share evaluation data and review with stakeholders.
- Use evaluation findings to refine and improve prevention services.
These steps are designed to be ongoing and overlapping,
so that each prevention program is producing consistent
measures of its success as well as constantly
evaluating and improving its methods and outcomes.