The Five Steps and the accompanying Planning guide
summarized below provide an excellent path for
community planning to manage environments at risk
for alcohol-drug related problems. The Five Steps
combine the elements of many successful prevention
methods and help local planners meet federal requirements
for research-based planning that uses funding
from the US Dept of Health and Human Services'
CSAP Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment
Block Grant funds, and from the US Dept of Education
Safe and Drug Free Schools and Communities funds.
Following this summary, the Prevention by Design
Planning Guide is
provided in the form of several links that support
planning for each Step.
These steps are designe d to be ongoing and overlapping,
so that each prevention program is producing consistent
measures of its success as well as constantly evaluating
and improving its methods and outcomes.
- Identify areas of concern for community
- Collect and analyze relevant data to
define the local magnitude and locations
of problems, identify target populations
and environments and assess resources;
- Rank AOD problems according to community
need and health / safety criteria,
- Share data and ranked concerns with
- A ssess readiness, capacity, and stakeholder
resources and leadership to implement
and sustain prevention initiatives;
- Engage and mobilize local resources
(financial and organizations) to address
assessed needs. This may include convening
partnerships or coalitions.
- Build readiness, cultural competency,
and leadership among prevention partners
through education and training.
- Prioritize AOD concerns.
- Set priorities for action on AOD problems;
- Identify strategies for use with target
populations and/or high-risk settings;
- Use assessment data to develop a county
strategic plan that includes effective
policies, programs, and practices.
- Identify strategic goals, objectives,
and measurements; logic models are useful
- Prepare work plans for implementation,
including evaluation plans.
- Carry out the plan(s) developed in
Step 3 above
- As appropriate, issue RFPs / RFAs,
etc. to carry out the work of the plan;
- Documenting the work plan’s process
and activities according to the evaluation
- Modify (and document) implementation
as needed to achieve project goals and
- Activate evaluation plan designed above;
- Collect, analyze and report evaluation
data to analyze processes and outcomes
for the programs, policies, and practices
being implemented in Step 4.
- Share evaluation data and review with
- Use evaluation findings to refine and
improve prevention services.
can download the entire planning guide
or just the parts you want below, just
click on the links.
If you would like a binder with all of the tip
sheets and other resources sent to you, send a
check for $35.00 payable to the UC Regents along
with your name and address to Friedner
Step One - Assessment
a Data Map
Step Two - Capacity Building
Readiness Attachment A
Readiness Attachment B
Readiness Attachment C
Readiness Attachment D
Readiness Attachment E
Step Three - Planning
Goals and Objectives
for Model Programs
Step Four - Implementation
Step Five - Evaluation
for Analyzing Evaluation Options
with an Outside Evaluator
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